Colony composition and specialized predation on millipedes in the enigmatic ponerine ant genus Probolomyrmex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)

  title={Colony composition and specialized predation on millipedes in the enigmatic ponerine ant genus Probolomyrmex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)},
  author={Fuminori Ito},
  journal={Insectes Sociaux},
  • F. Ito
  • Published 1 February 1998
  • Biology
  • Insectes Sociaux
Summary: Colonies of Probolomyrmex dammermani Wheeler were collected in West Java, Indonesia. The nests contained a few millipedes of the family Polyxenidae, all of which were completely divested of their covering setae. Laboratory experiments showed that the ants fed only on polyxenids. The following bionomic characteristics were also noted: colony size was small (14 workers on average; range 8-21) with one dealate queen who was mated and laid eggs; pupae were necked; and both workers and… 

Colony composition and behaviour of a queen and workers in the Oriental ectatommine ant Gnamptogenys cribrata (Emery) 1900 in West Java, Indonesia

Colonies are monogynous, composed of one dealate queen and an average of 27 workers, and this species shows the unusually low number of two ovarioles in both queens and workers.

Taxonomic revision of the cryptic ant genus Probolomyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Proceratiinae) in Madagascar

The alpha taxonomy of the ant genus Probolomyrmex in Madagascar is revised on the basis of the worker caste. Two new species are described: P. curculiformis sp. n. and P. zahamena sp. n. and the

Colony composition, queen behavior, specialized predation on millipedes, and exocrine glands in the ponerine ant Myopias conicara Xu, 1998 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

A unique characteristic of the class‐3 glands of Myopias ants is the gradual widening of the ducts, which has never been found in other insects, although the functional significance remains unknown.

Wingless and dwarf workers underlie the ecological success of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

It is argued that loss of flight permitted extensive changes in body size of ant workers and queens, and that cheaper workers caused a shift away from a carnivorous diet to carbohydrates such as honeydew.

Seasonal cycle of colony structure in the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla chinensis in western Japan (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)

This work investigated the seasonal cycle of changes in the colony structure of Pachycondyla chinensis reproduced by alate queens in western Japan, and found the following novel biological characteristics of this species.

Essential and alternative prey in a ponerine ant: variations according to the colony life cycle.

Colony composition and behavioral characteristics of Myrmoteras iriodum and M. jaitrongi in Ulu Gombak, Peninsular Malaysia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

This work distinguished three sterile castes using discrete morphological traits, morphometry and total body size to predict the specialised functions of different castes in Gesomyrmex, a poorly known arboreal ant from the Oriental tropics.

Observations On the Specialized Predatory Behavior of the Pitchfork-Mandibled Ponerine Ant Thaumatomyrmex paludis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The observations of T. paludis provide an additional example of the sympatric distribution of two Thaumatomyrmex species, further supporting the hypothesis that the genus consists of multiple, morphologically similar species.

Millipedes: Diversity, Distribution and Ecology

Millipedes, the ancient arthropods which belong to class Diplopoda, are the third most diverse class of terrestrial arthropods, following Insecta and Arachnida (Golovatch and Kime, Soil Org

Taxonomic revision of the genus Probolomyrmex Mayr, 1901 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Proceratiinae) for the Neotropical Region.

The taxonomy of the ant genus Probolomyrmex for the Neotropical region is revised, including diagnoses, comments on the taxonomic history and biology, high-quality images, and scanning electron microscope micrographs for diagnostic anatomic structures are provided.



Colony composition of two Malaysian Ponerine ants, Platythyrea tricuspidata and P. quadridenta: sexual reproduction by workers and production of queens (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Colonies of ponerine ants Platythyrea quadridenta and P. tricuspidata were collected in the rainforest of West Malaysia and produced alate queens and exhibited sexual reproduction by workers.

Reproduction in ponerine ants without queens: monogyny and exceptionally small colonies in the Australian Pachycondyla sublaevis

Pachycondyla sublaevis may have the smallest colonies yet reported in ants (mean number of adults is 9 ± 2. 5 SD per colony; n=12), and only one per colony is inseminated and has active ovaries.

Evolutionary trends in the reproductive biology of ponerine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Three evolutionary trends in the reproductive biology of the Poneriae are discussed: an increase in ovariole numbers and specialization for reproduction in the queen caste; worker sterility and increasing reproductive differentiation between the castes; and the evolutionary loss of specialization for dispersal in ergatoid queens.

A revision of the South American species of the ant genus Probolomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The South American species of the ant genus Probolomyrmex are revised, with the proposed synonymy of angusticeps with boliviensis, as well as the presence of a further species, brujitae, described below.

Millipede defense: use of detachable bristles to entangle ants.

The millipede Polyxenus fasciculatus (Diplopoda; polyxenida) defends itself against ants by use of a pair of bristle tufts at its rear, thereby causing these to become encumbered by bristles that detach from the tufts.

Queen number and sociality in insects

A comparison of termites and ants shows the effects of polygny and colony life history on optimal sex investment, as well as the maintenance of high genetic relatedness in multi-queen colonies of social wasps.

A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World

For every name that has ever been applied to ants, the book supplies a history and an account of current usage, together with a fully documented indication of the present-day classification.

The comparative anatomy of the ovary in Hymenoptera. Part I. Aculeata