Colonization of floats from submerged derelict fishing gears by four protected species of deep-sea corals and barnacles in the Strait of Messina (central Mediterranean Sea).

  title={Colonization of floats from submerged derelict fishing gears by four protected species of deep-sea corals and barnacles in the Strait of Messina (central Mediterranean Sea).},
  author={Pietro Battaglia and Pierpaolo Consoli and Giovanni Ammendolia and Michela D'Alessandro and Marzia Bo and Teresa Manuela Vicchio and Cristina Ped{\`a} and Mauro Cavallaro and Franco Andaloro and Teresa Romeo},
  journal={Marine pollution bulletin},
The distribution of floating litter in marine waters, influenced by currents and wind drag, often determines the dispersal of its encrusting fauna. In the present paper, we observed for the first time the colonization of rafting floats from abandoned, lost or derelict fishing gears (ALDFG) by the four protected deep-sea species: Errina aspera, Desmophyllum pertusum, Madrepora oculata Pachylasma giganteum. Overall, 41 floats, colonized by deep benthic species, were found stranded on the shore of… Expand
7 Citations
Fate of lost fishing gears: Experimental evidence of biofouling colonization patterns from the northwestern Mediterranean Sea.
Results indicate that ALDFGs are quickly covered by biofouling, reaching maximum values of cover in one year, and no signs of nylon degradation are reported, suggesting that the prevailing physical conditions and the biofOUling cover extent could alter microplastics release from nylon AlDFGs. Expand
First report of the carnivorous sponge Lycopodina hypogea (Cladorhizidae) associated with marine debris, and its possible implications on deep-sea connectivity.
The colonization of plastic debris by the protected sponges Lycopodina hypogea is reported for the first time, and it is suggested that marine debris might provide substrate for benthic species on otherwise unsuitable habitats. Expand
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Pioneer settlement of the cold-water coral Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) on plastic
The first observation of a floating plastic bottle colonized by the deep-sea coral Desmophyllum dianthus is presented, suggesting a pioneer behavior of this coral species, whose peculiar morphologic plasticity response when interacting with the plastic substrate has not been observed before. Expand
Fouling organisms in marine litter (rafting on abiogenic substrates): A global review of literature.
No standardized methodologies for collecting marine litter and identifying and quantifying their fouling were observed, but are suggested in this review to allow more accurate future comparisons among different studies. Expand
Impact of Plastic Pollution on Marine Life in the Mediterranean Sea
This chapter reviewed and synthesized literature in order to describe the impact of litter on marine life in the Mediterranean sensitive ecosystem and focused on the following impact categories: ingestion, entanglement and other effects (e.g. colonization and rafting). Expand
Large Plastic Debris Dumps: New Biodiversity Hot Spots Emerging on the Deep-Sea Floor
Macroplastic debris recorded in the Mariana Trench and accumulated on some deep-sea canyons worldwide has aroused great public concerns. Large plastic debris dumps found in canyons of the Xisha Tro...


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This research will support the implementation of monitoring "Harm" as recommended by the UN Environment/MAP Regional Plan on Marine Litter Management in the Mediterranean, and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Expand
Influence of lunar phases, winds and seasonality on the stranding of mesopelagic fish in the Strait of Messina (Central Mediterranean Sea)
The shore stranding of mesopelagic fauna is a recurrent phenomenon in the Strait of Messina (Central Mediterranean Sea). The aim of this paper is to test the influence of lunar phases, winds andExpand
The population of Errina aspera (Hydrozoa: Stylasteridae) of the Messina Strait (Mediterranean Sea)
A study carried out with the aid of a ROV on a horizontal transect 350 m long at a depth comprised between 83 and 105 m where an extremely dense population of this stylasterid E. aspera was recorded and the association with the gastropod ovulid Pedicularia sicula is confirmed. Expand
Plastic Debris Occurrence, Convergence Areas and Fin Whales Feeding Ground in the Mediterranean Marine Protected Area Pelagos Sanctuary: A Modeling Approach
The Mediterranean Sea is greatly affected by marine litter. In this area, research on the impact of plastic debris (including microplastics) on biota, particularly large filter-feeding species suchExpand
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Both total abundance and the number of species showed an increasing trend in the impacted surfaces, either because the litter provided refuge or reproduction sites for mobile species or because hard-substratum sessile species had the opportunity to settle on provided surfaces. Expand
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The size of the corals found on man-made flotsam suggests that they might have had enough time to cross the Atlantic alive and that they already reached the age of possible self-fertilization before they entered waters that were too cold to survive. Expand
Long-distance transport of a West Atlantic stony coral on a plastic raft.
Rafting on natural substrates, such as volcanic pumice fragments, wooden logs and coconut shells has been recognized as an alternative means for transport in reef corals and Fouling on ship hulls and oil platforms is a relatively new, anthropogenic way for coral migration. Expand
Marine litter as habitat and dispersal vector
Property of floating litter, such as size and surface rugosity, are crucial for colonization by marine organisms and the subsequent succession of the rafting community, and the rafters themselves affect substratum characteristics such as floating stability, buoyancy, and degradation. Expand
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It is expected that there will be further expansion of O. patagonica in range and abundance in the western Mediterranean, but very small expansion of the population in the eastern Mediterranean, due to repetitive annual bleaching events. Expand
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The Central Mediterranean Sea is an area that connects the western and the eastern Mediterranean Sea where migratory fluxes of marine organisms are very peculiar. The high biodiversity of these areasExpand