Colloquium: Theory of quantum corrals and quantum mirages

@article{Fiete2003ColloquiumTO,
  title={Colloquium: Theory of quantum corrals and quantum mirages},
  author={Gregory A. Fiete and Eric J Heller},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
  year={2003},
  volume={75},
  pages={933-948}
}
Quantum corrals are two-dimensional structures built atom by atom on an atomically clean metallic surface using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). These two-dimensional structures ``corral'' electrons in the surface states of noble metals, leading to standing-wave patterns in the electron density inside the quantum corral. The authors review the physics of quantum corrals and relate the signal of the STM to the scattering properties of substrate electrons from atomic impurities supported on… 
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