Colloquium: The physics of Maxwell's demon and information

  title={Colloquium: The physics of Maxwell's demon and information},
  author={Koji Maruyama and Franco Nori and Vlatko Vedral},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
Maxwell's demon was born in 1867 and still thrives in modern physics. He plays important roles in clarifying the connections between two theories: thermodynamics and information. Here, we present the history of the demon and a variety of interesting consequences of the second law of thermodynamics, mainly in quantum mechanics, but also in the theory of gravity. We also highlight some of the recent work that explores the role of information, illuminated by Maxwell's demon, in the arena of… 

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