Colloid Transport of Plutonium in the Far-Field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia

@article{Novikov2006ColloidTO,
  title={Colloid Transport of Plutonium in the Far-Field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia},
  author={Alexander P. Novikov and Stepan N. Kalmykov and Satoshi Utsunomiya and Rodney C. Ewing and François Horr{\'e}ard and Alexei A. Merkulov and Sue B Clark and Vladimir V. Tkachev and Boris F. Myasoedov},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={314},
  pages={638 - 641}
}
Sorption of actinides, particularly plutonium, onto submicrometer-sized colloids increases their mobility, but these plutonium colloids are difficult to detect in the far-field. We identified actinides on colloids in the groundwater from the Mayak Production Association, Urals, Russia; at the source, the plutonium activity is ∼1000 becquerels per liter. Plutonium activities are still 0.16 becquerels per liter at a distance of 3 kilometers, where 70 to 90 mole percent of the plutonium is sorbed… 
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