Collective protest: A critique of resource mobilization theory

  title={Collective protest: A critique of resource mobilization theory},
  author={Frances Fox Piven and Richard A. Cloward},
  journal={International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society},
Over the last two decades, “resource mobilization” (RM) analysts have emphasized the importance of institutional continuities between conventional social life and collective protest.1 There is much about this interpretation with which we agree. It is a corrective to some of the malintegration (MI) literature in which movements are portrayed as mindless eruptions lacking either coherence or continuity with organized social life. Nevertheless, we shall argue that RM analysts commit a reverse… Expand
An Insider's Critique of the Social Movement Framing Perspective*
In the last decade the framing perspective has gained increasing popularity among social movement researchers and theorists. Surprisingly, there has been no critical assessment of this growing bodyExpand
Civil Society Engagement in Trade Negotiations: CAFTA Opposition Movements in El Salvador
Abstract This article analyzes civil society participation in the free trade debate by focusing on networks that opposed the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) in El Salvador. Drawing onExpand
New social movements: the role of legal opportunity
The article seeks to introduce the idea of legal opportunity into social movement theory. It suggests that while lobbying, litigation and protest have all been studied by political scientists asExpand
Civil Society Engagement in Trade Negotiations: CAFTA Opposition Movements in El Salvador
This article analyzes civil society participation in the free trade debate by focusing on networks that opposed the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) in El Salvador. Drawing on documents,Expand
Doing Democracy: The Social Psychological Mobilization and Consequences of Collective Action
Participating in collective actions, or acts of social protest, is one of the primary means that citizens have of participating in democracy and seeking social change. In this article, we outline theExpand
Indymedia as a social movement? Theorizing the new global justice movements.
In four years, the Independent Media Center (IMC) has become the largest alternative media network in the world. From its humble and uncertain beginnings in November, 1999 at the massive protestsExpand
Radical Social Movement Organizations: A Theoretical Model
In this article we contend that social movement theory has predominantly analyzed social movement organizations (SMOs) from a reform perspective, emphasizing movement participants' demands to beExpand
How Does Postcommunist Transformation Affect Political Protest? The Example of East Germany
How do protest and its causes change after the democratic transformation of communist regimes? It is argued that certain features of the transformation process have an impact on the conditions thatExpand
Theories of ethnic mobilization: overview and recent trends
This paper provides a non-exhaustive overview of recent thinking and research on ethnic mobilization in the social sciences. It does so in three sections. The first elucidates the term 'mobilization'Expand
Protest Campaigns and Civil Wars: Can Continuous Processes Be Studied with a ‘Discrete’ Theory?
The presence of protests, sometimes during violent conflict and civil war, across the globe, seems to contradict the common view that civil war and protests are mutually exclusive episodes and do notExpand


Protest as a Political Resource
The frequent resort to protest activity by relatively powerless groups in recent American politics suggests that protest represents an important aspect of minority group and low income groupExpand
Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory
Past analysis of social movements and social movement organizations has normally assumed a close link between the frustrations or grievances of a collectivity of actors and the growth and decline ofExpand
Movements of “Crisis” and Movements of “Affluence”
In response to the empirical and theoretical weaknesses of the older social stress or deprivation theories of social movements, a new general theory of social movements—resource mobilizationExpand
Unemployment and Protest in the United States, 1890–1940: A Methodological Critique and Research Note
We begin with a critique of previous methods (event analysis) employed in testing deprivation theories of social movements and collective violence. Then we consider the value of group analysisExpand
Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970
In this classic work of sociology, Doug McAdam presents a political-process model that explains the rise and decline of the black protest movement in the United States. Moving from theoreticalExpand
Organizing the poor
ConclusionPiven and Cloward aimed to be provocative, but they did so by badly overstating their argument. They are too fair-minded to ignore completely the contribution and courage of organizers inExpand
The Politics Of Turmoil
Clownrd and Piven wrote ReguIating the Poor, an influential critique of the welfare system. Now they have put together a collection of many of , their most controversial articles on poverty,’race,Expand
Recruitment to High-Risk Activism: The Case of Freedom Summer
This article proposes and argues for the importance of a distinction between "low-" and "high-risk/cost activism" and outlines a model or recruitment to the latter. The model emphasizes theExpand
The strategy of social protest
The permeability of the political arena. The challenging group. The meaning of success. The strategy of thinking small. The limits of solidarity. The success of the unruly. Combat readiness. TheExpand
Poor People's Movements: Why They Succeed, How They Fail
is to translate forms of struggle over traditional issues into new forms of struggle that broaden the range of issues addressed and challenged, without at the same time forgetting the difficulty andExpand