Collective Intelligence and Group Performance

@article{Woolley2015CollectiveIA,
  title={Collective Intelligence and Group Performance},
  author={Anita Williams Woolley and Ishani Aggarwal and Thomas W. Malone},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={24},
  pages={420 - 424}
}
We review recent research on collective intelligence, which we define as the ability of a group to perform a wide variety of tasks. We focus on two influences on a group’s collective intelligence: (a) group composition (e.g., the members’ skills, diversity, and intelligence) and (b) group interaction (e.g., structures, processes, and norms). We also call for more research to investigate how social interventions and technological tools can be used to enhance collective intelligence. 

Paper Mentions

The Insensitive Ruins It All: Compositional and Compilational Influences of Social Sensitivity on Collective Intelligence in Groups
TLDR
The empirical results indicate that collectively intelligent groups are those in which the least socially sensitive group member has a rather high score on social sensitivity, and (socially sensitive) group members cannot compensate for the lack of social sensitivity of the other group members. Expand
A Simple Computational Theory of General Collective Intelligence
  • P. Krafft
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Top. Cogn. Sci.
  • 2019
TLDR
It is formally argued that general collective intelligence arises from groups achieving commitment to group goals, accurate shared beliefs, and coordinated actions, and the existence of generic mechanisms that help groups achieve these cognitive alignment conditions are argued. Expand
Are distrust relationships beneficial for group performance? The influence of the scope of distrust on the emergence of collective intelligence
Abstract Collective intelligence is defined as the collective ability of human groups in solving different tasks. It explains why some teams perform better than others by exploiting the power ofExpand
The Structure of Group Task Performance—A Second Look at “Collective Intelligence”: Comment on Woolley et al. (2010)
TLDR
This article reexamine the data from 6 previously published samples that have been used to examine the existence of the collective intelligence construct and shows that the empirical support for the construct is generally weak. Expand
Deep Structures of Collaboration: Physiological Correlates of Collective Intelligence and Group Satisfaction
TLDR
Synchrony in facial expressions was associated with CI and synchrony in electrodermal activity with group satisfaction and various forms of synchrony mediated the effect of member diversity and social perceptiveness on CI and group satisfaction. Expand
Deep Structures of Collaboration
Collective intelligence (CI), a group’s capacity to perform a wide variety of tasks, is a key factor in successful collaboration. Group composition, particularly diversity and member socialExpand
Experimental Study and Modeling of Three Classes of Collective Problem-Solving Methods
TLDR
This work introduces a novel approach for aggregating judgments – the transmission chain – which has not yet been consistently evaluated in the context of collective intelligence and addresses the question of whether such a transmission chain can foster collective intelligence for binary-choice problems. Expand
What Makes a Strong Team?: Using Collective Intelligence to Predict Team Performance in League of Legends
TLDR
In this study of teams playing the online game League of Legends, it is found that CI does, indeed, predict the competitive performance of teams controlling for the amount of time played as a team. Expand
Adolescent's Collective Intelligence: Empirical Evidence in Real and Online Classmates Groups
TLDR
Among adolescents, online groups performance was negatively affected by participants’ average perception of group cohesion, the difficulty of the problem, and the number of communicative exchanges that occur in the interaction. Expand
Problem Solving: When Groups Perform Better Than Teammates
TLDR
A simple and analytically solvable model disentangling the direct link between collective intelligence and the average intelligence of group members is proposed, finding that there is a non-linear relation between the collective intelligence of a group and theaverage intelligence quotient of its members depending on task di iculty. Expand
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