Collective Human Mobility Pattern from Taxi Trips in Urban Area

Abstract

We analyze the passengers' traffic pattern for 1.58 million taxi trips of Shanghai, China. By employing the non-negative matrix factorization and optimization methods, we find that, people travel on workdays mainly for three purposes: commuting between home and workplace, traveling from workplace to workplace, and others such as leisure activities. Therefore, traffic flow in one area or between any pair of locations can be approximated by a linear combination of three basis flows, corresponding to the three purposes respectively. We name the coefficients in the linear combination as traffic powers, each of which indicates the strength of each basis flow. The traffic powers on different days are typically different even for the same location, due to the uncertainty of the human motion. Therefore, we provide a probability distribution function for the relative deviation of the traffic power. This distribution function is in terms of a series of functions for normalized binomial distributions. It can be well explained by statistical theories and is verified by empirical data. These findings are applicable in predicting the road traffic, tracing the traffic pattern and diagnosing the traffic related abnormal events. These results can also be used to infer land uses of urban area quite parsimoniously.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034487

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@inproceedings{Peng2012CollectiveHM, title={Collective Human Mobility Pattern from Taxi Trips in Urban Area}, author={Chengbin Peng and Xiaogang Jin and Ka-Chun Wong and Meixia Shi and Pietro Li{\`o}}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2012} }