Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Related to Modest Reduction in Precipitation

  title={Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Related to Modest Reduction in Precipitation},
  author={Mart{\'i}n Medina‐Elizalde and Eelco J. Rohling},
  pages={956 - 959}
How Dry They Were How much rainfall failure contributed to the disintegration of classical Maya civilization? Medina-Elizalde and Rohling (p. 956) analyzed records from three lakes and a stalagmite from the Yucatán Peninsula to quantify the change in precipitation that the region experienced between 800 to 1000 years A.D. Precipitation decreased episodically for up to a decade at a time and in total by as much as 40% during the 200 years of the civilization's fall, probably as a result of a… 
Quantification of drought during the collapse of the classic Maya civilization
Falling from a fall in rainfall How much did rainfall have to decrease to trigger the collapse of Lowland Classic Maya civilization during the Terminal Classic Period? This collapse is a well-cited
Impacts of Climate Change on the Collapse of Lowland Maya Civilization
Paleoclimatologists have discovered abundant evidence that droughts coincided with collapse of the Lowland Classic Maya civilization, and some argue that climate change contributed to societal
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A new analysis of regional drought intensity shows drought was most severe in the region with the strongest societal collapse, suggesting that the ancient Maya adapted to previous episodes of climate drying, but could not cope with the more extreme droughts of the Terminal Classic.
The perfect storm: climate change and ancient Maya response in the Puuc Hills region of Yucatán
Abstract Climatic fluctuation is often cited as a major factor in the collapse of Maya civilisation during the Terminal Classic Period (e.g. Luzzadder-Beach et al. 2016). Evidence of how people dealt
Pre‐Columbian deforestation as an amplifier of drought in Mesoamerica
Droughts in pre‐Columbian Mesoamerica caused significant societal disruptions during the Late Classic and Post‐Classic Periods. While the primary causes of these droughts are still debated, it has
Development and Disintegration of Maya Political Systems in Response to Climate Change
A precisely dated subannual climate record for the past 2000 years from Yok Balum Cave, Belize is presented and it is proposed that anomalously high rainfall favored unprecedented population expansion and the proliferation of political centers between 440 and 660 C.E.
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3800 Years of Quantitative Precipitation Reconstruction from the Northwest Yucatan Peninsula
Precipitation over the last 3800 years has been reconstructed using modern pollen calibration and precipitation data via the linear method of partial least squares and it is estimated that precipitation deficits were greater than surpluses, reaching 21% and <9%, respectively.
An assessment of drought on maize cropping success in ancient Maya lowlands during the last half of the first millennium ce
  • Alfred Wong
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Water and Climate Change
  • 2018
Drought arising from a shift in intertropical convergence zone in the Yucatán peninsula during the last half of the first millennium is often cited as a determining cause in the collapse of ancient


Possible role of climate in the collapse of Classic Maya civilization
THE Maya civilization developed around 3,000 years ago in Mesoamerica, and after flourishing during the so-called Classic period, it collapsed around 750–900 AD1. It has been specula ted2–6 that
Climate and the Collapse of Maya Civilization
A seasonally resolved record of titanium shows that the collapse of Maya civilization in the Terminal Classic Period occurred during an extended regional dry period, punctuated by more intense multiyear droughts centered at approximately 810, 860, and 910 A.D.
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Between AD 800 and 1000, during what is known as the Classic Maya Collapse, unrelenting drought caused the deaths of millions of Maya people and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that
A 4000-Year Lacustrine Record of Environmental Change in the Southern Maya Lowlands, Petén, Guatemala
Abstract A 4000-yr sediment core record from Lake Salpetén, Guatemala, provides evidence for Maya-induced forest clearance and consequent soil erosion between ∼1700 cal yr B.C. and 850 cal yr A.D.
The Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands: Collapse, Transition, and Transformation
This book revisits one of the great problems in Mayan archaeology -- the apparent collapse of Classic Maya civilisation from roughly AD830-950. During this period the Maya abandoned their power
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Climate variability on the Yucatan Peninsula during the past 3500 yrs is reconstructed from the measurement of δ18O in monospecific ostracods and gastropods in a 6.3-m sediment core from Lake Punta
Physical aspects of Hurricane Hugo in Puerto Rico
To compare the magnitudes of the six hurricanes to pass over Puerto Rico since 1899, 3 indices were developed using the standardized values of the product of: the maximum sustained wind speed at San Juan squared and storm duration.
Recent adjustments to the chronology of the northern Maya Lowlands have brought about a closer alignment of the decline of Terminal Classic/Early Postclassic Yucatecan polities with the collapse of