Collaborative Memory: Cognitive Research and Theory

  title={Collaborative Memory: Cognitive Research and Theory},
  author={Suparna Rajaram and Luciane P. Pereira-Pasarin},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  pages={649 - 663}
People often form and retrieve memories in the company of others. Yet, nearly 125 years of cognitive research on learning and memory has mainly focused on individuals working in isolation. Although important topics such as eyewitness memory and autobiographical memory have evaluated social influences, a study of group memory has progressed mainly within the provinces of history, anthropology, sociology, and social psychology. In this context, the recent surge in research on the cognitive basis… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Collaborative Memory: A Selective Review of Data and Theory
Collaborative Inhibition in Group Recall: Cognitive Principles and Implications
Until the 1990s, cognitive research on memory focused largely on the individual and thrived on paradigms inspired by the Ebbinghausian tradition. For about a century until then (Ebbinghaus, 1885),
Collaboration Both Hurts and Helps Memory
Humans spend a majority of their lives in a social context. So historically, several disciplines have pursued a study of the social aspects of memory. Yet, research on memory in cognitive psychology
Social Aspects of Memory
No one doubts that memories are shaped by the social context in which they are formed or later remembered. In this essay we focus on how the social context of remembering and memorizing with others
Transactive Memory in Small, Intimate Groups: More Than the Sum of Their Parts
Thirty years after social psychologist, Daniel Wegner, pitched a new approach to the study of individual and group behavior, his theory of transactive memory has inspired rich literatures on the
Collaborative memory knowledge: A distributed reliabilist perspective
Collaborative remembering, in which two or more individuals cooperate to remember together, is an ordinary occurrence. We will argue that, ordinary though it may be, it challenges traditional
Learning and Remembering with Others: The Key Role of Retrieval in Shaping Group Recall and Collective Memory.
Collaboration impaired the group recall product at both time points, but especially so at retrieval, and only collaborative retrieval played a significant role in the formation of collective memories.
The Adaptive Function of Distributed Remembering: Contributions to the Formation of Collective Memory
Empirical research has increasingly turned its attention to distributed cognition. Acts of remembering are embedded in a social, interactional context; cognitive labor is divided between a rememberer
The Effect of Affect on Group Memory
Memory typically improves when recollecting in a group the larger the group, the better the memory (McClure 2010; Atkinson 2011). High arousal at the time of encoding also improves memory (Bohannon,


Social Memory Processes
Collaborative recall and collective memory: What happens when we remember together?
This paper reviews the research on group remembering and draws together findings from different traditions to point the way forward for a cognitive psychological study of collective memory.
Net effect of memory collaboration: how is collaboration affected by factors such as friendship, gender and age?
  • J. Andersson
  • Psychology
    Scandinavian journal of psychology
  • 2001
The results suggest that gender related memory differences exist on an individual and dyadic level in terms of absolute scores, and that women remember explicit memory tasks to a greater degree than men.
Collaboration can improve individual recognition memory: Evidence from immediate and delayed tests
Findings show that consensus is not necessary for producing benefits of collaboration on individual recognition, collaborative facilitation on individual memory is robust, and collaboration enhances individual memory further if conditions predispose individual accuracy in the absence of collaboration.
Do elderly couples have a better prospective memory than other elderly people when they collaborate
A naturalistic study investigated how memory tasks affected group productivity for two individuals working in three kinds of group constellations: old married couples, old non-friend pairs, and
Collaboration and Memory: Effects of Dyadic Retrieval on Different Memory Tasks
Collaborative retrieval was investigated in two experiments. The experiments were explicitly designed to investigate how different types of memory tasks were affected by two individuals working
Are two heads better than one? Experimental investigations of the social facilitation of memory.
The hypothesis that two people collaborating in recall would remember more than a single person was examined in a series of four experiments. All the experiments used variations on the same
Collective memory: collaborative and individual processes in remembering.
There was evidence that the collaborative groups tended to rely on the best individual to a greater extent in story than in list recall, and group recall appeared to be more stable over time than individual recall.