Cold adaptation in the phytopathogenic fungi causing snow molds

  title={Cold adaptation in the phytopathogenic fungi causing snow molds},
  author={Tamotsu Hoshino and Nan Xiao and O. B. Tkachenko},
Snow molds are psychrophilic or psychrotrophic fungal pathogens of forage crops, winter cereals, and conifer seedlings. These fungi can grow and attack dormant plants at low temperatures under snow cover. In this review, we describe the biodiversity and physiological and biochemical characteristics of snow molds that belong to various taxa. Cold tolerance is one of the important factors related to their geographic distribution, because snow molds develop mycelia under snow cover and because… 
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