Cold Exposure Injuries to the Extremities

@article{Golant2008ColdEI,
  title={Cold Exposure Injuries to the Extremities},
  author={A. Golant and R. M. Nord and N. Paksima and M. Posner},
  journal={Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons},
  year={2008},
  volume={16},
  pages={704–715}
}
&NA; Cold exposure injuries comprise nonfreezing injuries that include chilblain (aka pernio) and trench, or immersion, foot, as well as freezing injuries that affect core body tissues resulting in hypothermia of peripheral tissues, causing frostnip or frostbite. Frostbite, the most serious peripheral injury, results in tissue necrosis from direct cellular damage and indirect damage secondary to vasospasm and arterial thromboses. The risk of frostbite is influenced by host factors, particularly… Expand
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