Coil design for real and sham transcranial magnetic stimulation

  title={Coil design for real and sham transcranial magnetic stimulation},
  author={Jarmo Ruohonen and Marko Ollikainen and Vadim V. Nikulin and Juha Virtanen and Risto J. Ilmoniemi},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering},
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to excite the human cortex noninvasively. TMS also activates scalp muscles and sensory receptors; additionally, the loud sound from the stimulating coil activates auditory pathways. These side effects complicate the interpretation of the results of TMS studies. For control experiments, the authors have designed a coil that can produce both real and sham stimulation without moving the coil. The sham TMS is similar to the real TMS, except for… CONTINUE READING
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Characteristics of the sound to evoke the motor cortex suppression

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