Coherence established between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature

  title={Coherence established between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature},
  author={Cynthia Kuo and Craig R. Lindberg and David J. Thomson},
The hypothesis that the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is related to observable changes in the climate is tested using modern methods of time-series analysis. The results confirm that average global temperature is increasing, and that temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide are significantly correlated over the past thirty years. Changes in carbon dioxide content lag those in temperature by five months. 
Environmental effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide
A review of the literature concerning the environmental consequences of increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide leads to the conclusion that increases during the 20th century have produced no
Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide: Geological Perspective
The climate history of the Earth is a history of continuous change. Through geological time the average global temperature remained always within the constraints set by the presence of abundant
Evidence for human influence on climate from hemispheric temperature relations
Analysis of observational temperature records for the Northern and Southern hemispheres indicates a statistical relationship in which Northern Hemisphere temperature depends on temperature in the
Dependence of global temperatures on atmospheric CO2 and solar irradiance.
  • D. J. Thomson
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1997
The increase in global average temperature during the last century is at least 20 times the SD of the residual temperature series left when the effects of CO2 and changes in solar irradiance are subtracted.
Interaction of Carbon Dioxide with Growth-Limiting Environmental Factors in Vegetation Productivity: Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle
Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration has increased globally from about 280 ppm before the Industrial Revolution (Pearman 1988) to about 353 ppm in 1990. That increase, and the continuing increase
Inference about trends in global temperature data
Interpretation of the effects of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide on temperature is made more difficult by the fact that it is unclear whether sufficient global warming has taken place to allow
The Carbon Dioxide Thermometer and the Cause of Global Warming
Carbon dioxide in the air may be increasing because the world is warming. This possibility, which contradicts the hypothesis of an enhanced greenhouse warming driven by man-made emissions, is here
Biotic Feedbacks in the Warming of the Earth
A positive correlation exists between temperature and atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane over the last 220,000 years of glacial history, including two glacial and three
Interannual extremes in the rate of rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide since 1980
OBSERVATIONS of atmospheric CO2 concentrations at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and at the South Pole over the past four decades show an approximate proportionality between the rising atmospheric concentrations


Can we delay a greenhouse warming
This article reviews a book published by the Environmental Protection Agency. The book discussed the Greenhouse Effect which is a warming of the earth's atmosphere caused by the doubling of the
Fossil Fuel Combustion: Recent Amounts, Patterns, and Trends of CO2
Several types of human activity have introduced perturbations that impinge on the natural global carbon cycle. During the past century or so, one of the major perturbations has been the release of
The Changing Carbon Cycle: A Global Analysis
An attempt is made to examine current knowledge about the fluxes, sources, and sinks in the global carbon cycle as well as the ability to apply this knowledge to the prediction of changes in
The seasonal component of atmospheric CO2: Information from new approaches to the decomposition of seasonal time series
CO2 concentration data in the atmosphere are widely known to possess a seasonal cycle, largely due to plant photosynthesis and respiration, superimposed upon an upward trend that is largely due to
Detecting changes in global climate induced by greenhouse gases
A quantitative search for a theoretically predicted CO2 signal in surface air temperature data extending back to 1899 was marginally successful in a statistical sense. However, the nature of the
Global trends of measured surface air temperature
We analyze surface air temperature data from available meteorological stations with principal focus on the period 1880–1985. The temperature changes at mid- and high latitude stations separated by
Modeling the Climatic Response to Orbital Variations
This article summarizes how the theory has evolved since the pioneer studies of James Croll and Milutin Milankovitch, reviews recent evidence that supports the theory, and argues that a major opportunity is at hand to investigate the physical mechanisms by which the climate system responds to orbital forcing.
Testing for Climate Change: An Application of the Two-Phase Regression Model
Abstract A statistical test for detecting a change in the behavior of an annual temperature series is presented. The test is based on the two-phase regression model. By trading the hypothesized time
Changes in Soil Carbon Storage and Associated Properties with Disturbance and Recovery
Organic matter in the world’s soils contains about three times as much carbon as the land vegetation. Soil organic matter is labile and is likely to change as a result of human activities.
The Global Atmospheric CO2 Distribution 1968–1983: Interpretation of the Results of the NOAA/GMCC Measurement Program
The modern period of precise atmospheric CO2 measurements began with Keeling’s pioneering determinations at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and the South Pole during the International Geophysical Year. The Mauna