Coherence and congruence: two aspects of personality integration.

@article{Sheldon1995CoherenceAC,
  title={Coherence and congruence: two aspects of personality integration.},
  author={K M Sheldon and Tim Kasser},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1995},
  volume={68 3},
  pages={
          531-43
        }
}
Coherence and congruence-based measures of personality integration were related to a variety of healthy personality characteristics. Functional coherence was defined as occurring when participants' "personal strivings" (R.A. Emmons, 1986) help bring about each other or help bring about higher level goals. Organismic congruence was defined as occurring when participants strive for self-determined reasons or when strivings help bring about intrinsic rather than extrinsic higher level goals. Study… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Personal goals and psychological growth: testing an intervention to enhance goal attainment and personality integration.
TLDR
Although there were no main effects of program participation on later goal attainment, important interactions were found and participants already high in goal-based measures of personality integration perceived the program as most useful and benefited the most from the program in terms of goal attainment.
Creativity and self-determination in personality.
Four measures of self-determination (SD) were correlated with two measures of trait creativity. In Study 1, subjects high on the Creative Personality Scale (Gough, 1979) and the
An Integrated Approach to Personality Assessment Based on the Personality Systems Framework
  • J. Mayer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 2019
TLDR
The Personality Systems Framework for Assessment (PSF–A) can support the assessment process by organizing information about both an individual’s context and personality function, freeing professionals to optimally focus on characterizing their clients.
Personal projects, happiness, and meaning: on doing well and being yourself.
Personal Projects Analysis (B. R. Little, 1983) was adapted to examine relations between participants' appraisals of their goal characteristics and orthogonal happiness and meaning factors that
The Signs and Significance of Personality Coherence in Personal Stories and Strivings
TLDR
Individuals who coherently organized their autobiographical memories were protected against feeling pressured or compelled in their personal strivings and against being steered toward need-detracting futures.
Avoidance personal goals and the personality-illness relationship.
TLDR
Three studies demonstrated that avoidance personal goals are positively related to physical symptom reports, and perceived competence and perceived controlledness were shown to mediate the observed relationship between avoidance goals and symptomatology.
On the relations among work value orientations, psychological need satisfaction and job outcomes: A self-determination theory approach.
Using self-determination theory, two studies found that holding an extrinsic, relative to an intrinsic, work value orientation was associated with less positive outcomes (i.e. less satisfaction with,
Goal conflict and psychological well-being: A meta-analysis
Abstract Goal conflict has long been an important aspect of motivation theories, but the results of research on the relationship between goal conflict and psychological well-being have been
Self-Role Integration: A Person-Specific Predictor of Life Satisfaction and Prosocial Behavior
TLDR
It is demonstrated that a self-structural variable can add predictive utility to life satisfaction and prosocial behavior beyond dispositional traits.
Interference and Facilitation among Personal Goals: Differential Associations with Subjective Well-Being and Persistent Goal Pursuit
TLDR
Results show that interference among goals is negatively associated with trait and state well-being, whereas mutual facilitation among goals (resulting from instrumental goal relations and overlapping goal attainment strategies) is positively associated with involvement in goal pursuit.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 90 REFERENCES
Further Examining the American Dream: Differential Correlates of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goals
Empirical research and organismic theories suggest that lower well-being is associated with having extrinsic goals focused on rewards or praise relatively central to one's personality in comparison
The general causality orientations scale: Self-determination in personality
Abstract This paper describes the development and validation of a general causality orientations scale. Causality orientations are conceptualized as relatively enduring aspects of people that
Personal striving differentiation and affective reactivity.
TLDR
Test the hypothesis that affective reactivity underlies differentiation through the personal striving framework and results are interpreted in terms of Larsen and Diener's arousal regulation theory of affect intensity and Linville's self-complexity/affect-extremity model.
Comparing differentiation and integration within personal goal systems
Abstract Concepts of differentiation and integration were examined using the “personal striving” goal construct (Emmons, 1986, 1989). Goal differentiation was defined in two ways: 1. (a) as how
Self-complexity and affective extremity: Don't put all of your eggs in one cognitive basket.
This research develops and tests a model relating complexity of self-representation to affective and evaluative responses. The basic hypothesis is that the less complex a person's cognitive
The divided self: concurrent and longitudinal effects of psychological adjustment and social roles on self-concept differentiation.
TLDR
Findings provide strong evidence that SCD is a sign of fragmentation of the self rather than specialization of role identities, and that the social context was an important determinant of SCD.
Conflict among personal strivings: immediate and long-term implications for psychological and physical well-being.
TLDR
It was demonstrated that conflict and ambivalence ratings were stable and that these ratings predicted psychosomatic complaints over time, and that subjects were less likely to act on conflictful and ambivalent strivings but to spend more time thinking about these Strivings.
Possible self-complexity and affective reactions to goal-relevant evaluation.
TLDR
Support was found for the idea that possible self-complexity mediates affective reactions to evaluative feedback about future goals and actual self-administered reactions to evaluate feedback regarding future goals.
Self-Regulation and Consistency between Attitudes, Traits, and Behaviors
This research examined the impact of self-regulatory styles on the degree of consistency between behaviors and self-reported attitudes and traits. It was predicted that individuals who regulate their
The Satisfaction With Life Scale.
TLDR
The Satisfaction With Life Scale is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction and does not tap related constructs such as positive affect or loneliness, but is shown to have favorable psychometric properties, including high internal consistency and high temporal reliability.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...