Cohabitation promotes high diversity of clownfishes in the Coral Triangle

@article{Camp2016CohabitationPH,
  title={Cohabitation promotes high diversity of clownfishes in the Coral Triangle},
  author={Emma F. Camp and Jean-Paul A. Hobbs and Maarten De Brauwer and Alex J. Dumbrell and David J. Smith},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  year={2016},
  volume={283}
}
  • E. Camp, J. Hobbs, +2 authors D. Smith
  • Published 2016
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Global marine biodiversity peaks within the Coral Triangle, and understanding how such high diversity is maintained is a central question in marine ecology. We investigated broad-scale patterns in the diversity of clownfishes and their host sea anemones by conducting 981 belt-transects at 20 locations throughout the Indo-Pacific. Of the 1508 clownfishes encountered, 377 fish occurred in interspecific cohabiting groups and cohabitation was almost entirely restricted to the Coral Triangle… Expand
Patterns of coexistence of six anemonefish species around subtropical Okinawa-jima Island, Japan
TLDR
The mechanisms of coexistence of anemonefish in subtropical regions include not only niche differentiation and cohabitation but also the lottery hypothesis, which has not been reported in tropical regions. Expand
Comparative diversity of anemone-associated fishes and decapod crustaceans in a Belizean coral reef and seagrass system
TLDR
The diverse multi-species associate complexes observed suggest that sea anemones provide an important refuge for both specialized and generalist species and so have the potential to increase faunal diversity and abundance within tropical coastal habitats. Expand
Phylogenetic relationships among the clownfish-hosting sea anemones
TLDR
The largest phylogenetic analysis of sea anemones (Order Actiniaria) to date is conducted, with a focus on expanding the biogeographic and taxonomic sampling of the 10 nominal clownfish-hosting species, and demonstrates widespread poly-and para-phyly at the family and genus level. Expand
Phylogenetic relationships among the clownfish-hosting sea anemones.
TLDR
The largest phylogenetic analysis of sea anemones (Order Actiniaria) to date is conducted, with a focus on expanding the biogeographic and taxonomic sampling of the 10 nominal clownfish-hosting species, and demonstrates widespread poly- and para-phyly at the family and genus level. Expand
The relative importance of regional, local, and evolutionary factors structuring cryptobenthic coral-reef assemblages
Factors shaping coral-reef fish species assemblages can operate over a wide range of spatial scales (local versus regional) and across both proximate and evolutionary time. Niche theory and neutralExpand
Crustacean symbiosis with Caribbean sea anemones Bartholomea annulata: occupancy modeling, habitat partitioning, and persistence
TLDR
Patterns of association among anemones and crusta ceans varied significantly at both temporal (seasonal and annual) and spatial scales (among anemone and reef sites), with implications for the ecology of client fishes that visit these CaribbeanAnemones to receive cleaning services from anemonshrimps. Expand
Do ecological traits of low abundance and niche overlap promote hybridisation among coral-reef angelfishes?
TLDR
Empirical evidence is provided that hybridisation in reef fishes conforms to terrestrial-based hypothesis, and thus advances the understanding of the processes underlying Hybridisation in coral-reef systems. Expand
Keep your friends close and your anemones closer – ecology of the endemic wideband anemonefish, Amphiprion latezonatus
Endemic marine species often exist as metapopulations distributed across several discrete locations, such that their extinction risk is dependent upon population dynamics and persistence at eachExpand
Ontogenetic and phylogenetic simplification during white stripe evolution in clownfishes
TLDR
Mapping the number of white stripes on the evolutionary tree of clownfishes reveals that their color pattern diversification results from successive caudal to rostral losses of stripes, showing that the diversity of stripes plays a key role for species recognition. Expand
Anemonefish aggressiveness affects the presence of Dascyllus trimaculatus co-existing with host anemones
TLDR
Investigation of the factors affecting host anemone utilization of D. trimaculatus around Okinawajima Island demonstrates that species composition in anem one symbioses may be affected by coexisting anemOnefish as aggressive behavior toward intruders differs among species. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Ecological speciation in tropical reef fishes
TLDR
The concordance of evolutionary partitions with habitat types, rather than conventional biogeographical barriers, indicates parapatric ecological speciation, in which adaptation to alternative environmental conditions in adjacent locations overwhelms the homogenizing effect of dispersal. Expand
Coexistence of nine anemonefish species: differential host and habitat utilization, size and recruitment
TLDR
The spatial patterns of recruitment among zones strongly determined the distribution and abundance patterns of the benthic populations, and they were not the result of post-recruitment mortality or movement. Expand
Habitat specialisation and the distribution and abundance of coral-dwelling gobies
TLDR
The abundance of habitat specialised fishes can be closely correlated with the spatlal and temporal availab~lity of suitable habitats among and w ~ t h i n reefs. Expand
Interspecific variation of calls in clownfishes: degree of similarity in closely related species
TLDR
Significant overlap in acoustic features demonstrates that the sound-producing mechanism is highly conservative among species, and shows that sounds can help to differentiate the species, to prevent competition between cohabiting species and to promote the diversification of taxa. Expand
Cohabitation of Competing Territorial Damselfishes on a Caribbean Coral Reef
TLDR
Adult adults of M. chrysurus appear to be dependents that use their size-based dominance ability to obtain food from their cohabitants to facilitate the recruitment of both species. Expand
COMPETITIVE COEXISTENCE OF CORAL-DWELLING FISHES: THE LOTTERY HYPOTHESIS REVISITED
TLDR
These two species are nearly ecologically equivalent and appear to coexist by means of a competitive lottery for vacant space, with the removal of either species leading to an increase in the abundance of the other species. Expand
Coexistence of coral reef fishes — a lottery for living space
  • P. Sale
  • Biology
  • Environmental Biology of Fishes
  • 2004
TLDR
It is argued that reef fishes are preadapted for forming inter-specific lotteries for living space if several species with similar requirements occur together, and may explain the typically high within-site diversity found in them. Expand
Why do anemonefishes inhabit only some host actinians?
  • D. Fautin
  • Biology
  • Environmental Biology of Fishes
  • 2004
TLDR
Entacmaea, the most abundant and widespread host actinian at Lizard Island and throughout the range of the association, is also arguably the most attractive to anemonefishes, and I believe its vulnerability to predation was a factor in its evolving whatever makes it desirable to fishes. Expand
The radiation of the clownfishes has two geographical replicates
TLDR
The biogeographical history of the clownfishes, a clade of coral reef fish with ranges that now span most of the Indo-Pacific Ocean, is investigated in order to explore the geographical structure of an unusual adaptive radiation. Expand
Spatio-temporal microhabitat use by two co-occurring species of scorpions in Atlantic rainforest in Brazil.
TLDR
It is concluded that resource partitioning and refuge sharing on a temporal and/or spatial scale, as well as predation pressure, may drive the dynamics and spatial distribution of scorpion species in the rain forest environment. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...