Cognitive underpinnings of nationalistic ideology in the context of Brexit

@article{Zmigrod2018CognitiveUO,
  title={Cognitive underpinnings of nationalistic ideology in the context of Brexit},
  author={Leor Zmigrod and Peter J. Rentfrow and Trevor William Robbins},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year={2018},
  volume={115},
  pages={E4532 - E4540}
}
Significance Belief in rigid distinctions between the nationalistic ingroup and outgroup has been a motivating force in citizens’ voting behavior, as evident in the United Kingdom’s 2016 EU referendum. We found that individuals with strongly nationalistic attitudes tend to process information in a more categorical manner, even when tested on neutral cognitive tasks that are unrelated to their political beliefs. The relationship between these psychological characteristics and strong… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Cognitive Inflexibility Predicts Extremist Attitudes
TLDR
Original evidence that objectively assessed cognitive inflexibility predicts extremist attitudes, including a willingness to harm others, and sacrifice one’s life for the group is presented.
The cognitive and perceptual correlates of ideological attitudes: a data-driven approach
TLDR
Cognitive and personality assessments consistently outperformed demographic predictors in accounting for individual differences in ideological preferences and data-driven analyses revealed that individuals’ ideological attitudes mirrored their cognitive decision-making strategies, suggesting that ideological worldviews may be reflective of low-level perceptual and cognitive functions.
A Psychology of Ideology: Unpacking the Psychological Structure of Ideological Thinking.
  • L. Zmigrod
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2022
The psychological study of ideology has traditionally emphasized the content of ideological beliefs, guided by questions about what people believe, such as why people believe in omniscient gods or
Ideology and international relations
  • P. Gries, P. Yam
  • Political Science
    Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
  • 2020
A (supra)nationalist personality? The Big Five’s effects on political-territorial identification
Recent work suggests personality affects the subjective psychological weight one attaches to an identity. This study extends prior findings showing a static effect on European identification in a
The Complex Relation Between Receptivity to Pseudo-Profound Bullshit and Political Ideology
TLDR
The results are supportive of theoretical accounts that posit ideological asymmetries in cognitive orientation, while also pointing to the existence of bullshit receptivity among both right- and left-wingers.
Prejudice and the Brexit vote: a tangled web
The decision of the UK public in July 2016 to vote to leave the European Union was greeted with surprise within the UK and across the world. However, should we really have been surprised? Surveys of
Lay discourses about Brexit and prejudice: “Ideological creativity” and its limits in Brexit debates
Much research on Brexit has studied whether the vote to leave the EU is a marker of growing prejudice. In this paper, we study instead how the relationship between support for Brexit and prejudice is
The partisan mind: Is extreme political partisanship related to cognitive inflexibility?
TLDR
Findings suggest that the rigidity with which individuals process and respond to nonpolitical information may be related to the extremity of their partisan identities.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 91 REFERENCES
American Patriotism, National Identity, and Political Involvement
Researchers disagree over the definition, measurement, and expected political consequences of American patriotism, a situation that is fueled by the absence of a strong theoretical research
Ideological Asymmetries and the Essence of Political Psychology
Individuals are not merely passive vessels of whatever beliefs and opinions they have been exposed to; rather, they are attracted to belief systems that resonate with their own psychological needs
Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics
• A personality based, authoritarian-nonauthoritarian, divide continues to structure party conflict in America, providing it with the characteristics of polarization. • Barack Obamae's ascendancy to
Shared Reality, System Justification, and the Relational Basis of Ideological Beliefs
Although it is tempting to think that one’s political convictions reflect independent and unbiased thinking, research increasingly suggests that ideologies reflect motivational processes. The present
The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives: Personality Profiles, Interaction Styles, and the Things They Leave Behind
Although skeptics continue to doubt that most people are “ideological,” evidence suggests that meaningful left-right differences do exist and that they may be rooted in basic personality
Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology
TLDR
This article argues that one organizing element of the many differences between liberals and conservatives is the nature of their physiological and psychological responses to features of the environment that are negative, and suggests approaches for refining understanding of the broad relationship between political views and response to the negative.
Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations.
TLDR
Across 4 studies using multiple methods, liberals consistently showed greater endorsement and use of the Harm/care and Fairness/reciprocity foundations compared to the other 3 foundations, whereas conservatives endorsed and used the 5 foundations more equally.
Not All Ideologies are Created Equal: Epistemic, Existential, and Relational Needs Predict System-Justifying Attitudes
Whereas most social psychological perspectives assume that needs to manage uncertainty, existential anxiety, and social cohesion should motivate any form of ideological zeal, System Justification
On the Varieties of National Attachment: Blind Versus Constructive Patriotism
Two studies explored a theoretical distinction between “blind” and “constructive” patriotism. Blind patriotism is defined as an attachment to country characterized by unquestioning positive
...
...