Cognitive profile of rats exposed to lactational hyperphenylalaninemia: correspondence with human mental retardation.


The present study was designed to provide further information on the enduring cognitive effects of experimental phenylketonuria (PKU) in rats, produced by the administration of alpha-methylphenylalanine and phenylalanine on postnatal days 3-21. These rats evidenced: (1) impaired learning set formation, (2) stimulus perseveration, particularly after an error… (More)