Cognitive presence in asynchronous online learning: a comparison of four discussion strategies

@article{Darabi2011CognitivePI,
  title={Cognitive presence in asynchronous online learning: a comparison of four discussion strategies},
  author={Aubteen Darabi and M. C. Arrastia and David W. Nelson and Thomas A. Cornille and Xinya Liang},
  journal={J. Comput. Assist. Learn.},
  year={2011},
  volume={27},
  pages={216-227}
}
Some scholars argue that students do not achieve higher level learning, or cognitive presence, in online courses. Online discussion has been proposed to bridge this gap between online and face-to-face learning environments. However, the literature indicates that the conventional approach to online discussion – asking probing questions – does not necessarily advance the discussion through the phases of cognitive presence: triggering events, exploration, integration and resolution, which are… Expand
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