Cognitive culture: theoretical and empirical insights into social learning strategies

@article{Rendell2011CognitiveCT,
  title={Cognitive culture: theoretical and empirical insights into social learning strategies},
  author={Luke Rendell and Laurel Fogarty and William J. E. Hoppitt and Thomas J. H. Morgan and Michael M. Webster and Kevin N. Laland},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
  year={2011},
  volume={15},
  pages={68-76}
}
Research into social learning (learning from others) has expanded significantly in recent years, not least because of productive interactions between theoretical and empirical approaches. This has been coupled with a new emphasis on learning strategies, which places social learning within a cognitive decision-making framework. Understanding when, how and why individuals learn from others is a significant challenge, but one that is critical to numerous fields in multiple academic disciplines… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Experimental studies of human social learning and its evolution
As outlined in Chapters 1 and 2, successful decision making requires the complex integration of social and asocial information to generate effective learning and decision making. Recent formal theoryExpand
Social Learning Strategies: Bridge-Building between Fields
TLDR
The SLS concept needs updating to accommodate recent findings that individuals switch between strategies flexibly, that multiple strategies are deployed simultaneously, and that there is no one-to-one correspondence between psychological heuristics deployed and resulting population-level patterns. Expand
When does social learning become cultural learning?
  • C. Heyes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental science
  • 2017
TLDR
This review article argues that research on the development of selective social learning needs more clearly to distinguish functional from mechanistic explanation; to achieve integration with research on attention and learning in adult humans and 'dumb' animals; and to recognize that psychological mechanisms can be specialized, not only by genetic evolution, but also by associative learning and cultural evolution. Expand
Inferential social learning: cognitive foundations of human social learning and teaching
TLDR
It is argued that both learning from others and helping others learn can be characterized as probabilistic inferences guided by an intuitive understanding of how people think, plan, and act. Expand
Empirical investigations of social learning, cooperation, and their role in the evolution of complex culture
Although it is commonly assumed that learning mechanisms associated with increased fidelity to a demonstrator’s actions and/or object manipulations (i.e., imitation and/or emulation) are required forExpand
The Origins of Pedagogy: Developmental and Evolutionary Perspectives
TLDR
It is argued that a comprehensive theory of teaching will benefit from integrating perspectives and empirical phenomena from evolutionary and developmental disciplines, and ways in which each discipline might be informed by extant theories and empirical tools from the other are highlighted. Expand
Consistent individual differences in human social learning strategies.
TLDR
It is shown experimentally that individuals differ in their social learning strategies and that they tend to employ the same learning strategy irrespective of the interaction context, which highlights the importance of individual variation for human interactions and sheds new light on the dynamics of cultural evolution. Expand
Social Learning and Culture in Nonhuman Organisms
The article reviews the field of animal social learning and culture, covering how and why it is studied in both captive and wild animals, by researchers with often differing agendas. Our increasingExpand
The evolutionary basis of human social learning
TLDR
This analysis provides strong support for the hypothesis that human social learning is regulated by adaptive learning rules, and that such behaviour is adaptive, across several computer-based tasks. Expand
Who Knows? Metacognitive Social Learning Strategies
  • C. Heyes
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2016
TLDR
It is suggested that most social learning strategies depend on domain-general, sensorimotor processes, however, some SLSs have the characteristics tacitly ascribed to all of them, and have the power to promote cultural evolution. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 106 REFERENCES
Strategies for Social Learning: Testing Predictions from Formal Theory
Although the past two decades have seen a significant increase in both theoretical analyses and experimental studies of social learning in animals, there has been relatively little productiveExpand
Critical Social Learning: A Solution to Rogers's Paradox of Nonadaptive Culture
Alan Rogers (1988) presented a game theory model of the evolution of social learning, yielding the paradoxical conclusion that social learning does not increase the fitness of a population. We expandExpand
Social learning strategies
  • K. Laland
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Learning & behavior
  • 2004
TLDR
A number of possible strategies that are predicted by theoretical analyses are discussed, includingcopy when uncertain,copy the majority, andcopy if better, and the empirical evidence in support of each is considered, drawing from both the animal and human social learning literature. Expand
The social construction of the cultural mind: Imitative learning as a mechanism of human pedagogy
How does cultural knowledge shape the development of human minds and, conversely, what kind of species-specific social-cognitive mechanisms have evolved to support the intergenerational reproductionExpand
Chapter 4 Strategies for Social Learning
Abstract Individual learning provides accurate information about the state of the environment, but is costly to acquire. Social learning, although potentially less reliable than individual learning,Expand
Chapter 3 Social Processes Influencing Learning in Animals: A Review of the Evidence
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the social processes, influencing learning in animals. Social learning can result in the social transmission of information through a population, resulting inExpand
Does social/cultural learning increase human adaptability?: Rogers's question revisited
Abstract It is often taken for granted that social/cultural learning increases human adaptability, because it allows us to acquire useful information without costly individual learning by trial andExpand
ROGERS’ PARADOX RECAST AND RESOLVED: POPULATION STRUCTURE AND THE EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL LEARNING STRATEGIES
TLDR
The evolution of reliance on social and asocial learning is explored using a spatially explicit stochastic model and it is found that spatial structure generates outcomes that do not always conform to the finding of earlier theoretical analyses that social learning does not enhance average individual fitness at equilibrium. Expand
Social enhancement can create adaptive, arbitrary and maladaptive cultural traditions
  • M. Franz, L. Matthews
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
TLDR
This work developed an agent-based model and observed that social enhancement can create learning dynamics similar to a ‘copy when uncertain’ learning strategy and emphasizes that the emergence of cultural conformity does not necessarily require cognitively complex mechanisms such as ‘copying the majority’ or group norms. Expand
Rapid evolution of social learning
TLDR
Extensions of Rogers’ model are re‐analysed and it is found that rapid evolution can limit the evolution of complex social learning strategies, which have been proposed to be widespread in animals. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...