Cognitive arithmetic: A review of data and theory

  title={Cognitive arithmetic: A review of data and theory},
  author={Mark H. Ashcraft},
The area of cognitive arithmetic is concerned with the mental representation of number and arithmetic, and the processes and procedures that access and use this knowledge. In this article, I provide a tutorial review of the area, first discussing the four basic empirical effects that characterize the evidence on cognitive arithmetic: the effects of problem size or difficulty, errors, relatedness, and strategies of processing. I then review three current models of simple arithmetic processing… CONTINUE READING
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