Cognitive and attentional mechanisms in delay of gratification.

  title={Cognitive and attentional mechanisms in delay of gratification.},
  author={Walter Mischel and Ebbe B. Ebbesen and Antonette Raskoff Zeiss},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={21 2},
Three experiments investigated attentional and cognitive mechanisms in delay of gratification In each study preschool children could obtain a less preferred reward immediately or continue waiting indefinitely for a more preferred but delayed reward Experiment I compared the effects of external and cognitive distraction from the reward objects on the length of time which preschool children waited for the preferred delayed reward before forfeiting it for the sake of the less preferred immediate… 

Processes operative during delay of gratification

Sixty-four middle-class preschool children chose between waiting for a preferred item and receiving a less desired item immediately. The items were of different classes, i.e., one food and one toy,

Can You Wait? The Effects of Induced Gratitude and Pride on Children?s Ability to Delay Gratification

Delay of gratification refers to the ability to wait for a preferred reward over an immediate reward. For children, this ability serves as an important predictor of future outcomes. Most research

Imposed inhibition and delay of gratification.

It was found that imposed delay of response led to more choices of the delayed reward in the second graders, who are at the age in which a developmental shift from preference for the immediate to preference for a delayed reward is evidenced.

Cognitive representation of rewards in delay of gratification

  • B. Moore
  • Psychology
    Cognitive Therapy and Research
  • 2005
A study was conducted comparing the effects of two modes of cognitively representing rewards on delay of gratification. Nursery school children were told to think about the rewards in a delay

Strategic attention deployment for delay of gratification in working and waiting situations.

Analysis of spontaneous attention deployment showed that attending to rewards reduces delay time regardless of the working or waiting nature of the task.

Self-Control and Impulsivity in Children: Multiple Behavioral Measures

The present experiment investigated the relationship between laboratory measures of self-control and delay of gratification in children and explored several other factors that may influence

Delayed gratification in New Caledonian crows and young children: influence of reward type and visibility

An automated ‘rotating tray’ paradigm used previously with capuchin monkeys is adapted to test for delay of gratification ability that requires little pre-test training, where the subject must forgo an immediate, less preferred reward for a delayed, more preferred one.



Attention in delay of gratification.

The role of altcntional processes in voluntary delay of reward was explored by manipulating children's attention to the rewards for which they were waiting in a delay-of-gratification paradigm, and voluntary waiting time was substantially increased when subjects could not attend to rewards during the waiting period.

The Psychoanalytic Theory of Thinking

ideas implies an additional decathexis of the image word representation. Thus, it would follow that a surplus of psychic energy seems to accrue 152 SCIENTIFIC PROCEEDINGS as a result of the

The role of frustrative nonreward in noncontinuous reward situations.

  • A. Amsel
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1958

Statistical Principles in Experimental Design

This chapter discusses design and analysis of single-Factor Experiments: Completely Randomized Design and Factorial Experiments in which Some of the Interactions are Confounded.

Conflict and repression during sleep deprivation.

  • E. Murray
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1959

The effect of shock on recognition thresholds.

  • M. Reece
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1954