Cognitive and Contextual Factors in the Emergence of Diverse Belief Systems: Creation versus Evolution

@article{Evans2001CognitiveAC,
  title={Cognitive and Contextual Factors in the Emergence of Diverse Belief Systems: Creation versus Evolution},
  author={E. Margaret Evans},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},
  year={2001},
  volume={42},
  pages={217-266}
}
  • E. M. Evans
  • Published 2001
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognitive Psychology
The emergence and distribution of beliefs about the origins of species is investigated in Christian fundamentalist and nonfundamentalist school communities, with participants matched by age, educational level, and locale. Children (n = 185) and mothers (n = 92) were questioned about animate, inanimate, and artifact origins, and children were asked about their interests and natural-history knowledge. Preadolescents, like their mothers, embraced the dominant beliefs of their community… Expand
Parent Beliefs and Child Explanations of the Origin of Species: A Developmental Mismatch?
Children’s explanations of the origin of species seem to follow a distinct developmental pattern from spontaneous generationist and/or creationist to evolutionist and/or creationist, over the courseExpand
God’s categories: The effect of religiosity on children’s teleological and essentialist beliefs about categories
TLDR
The results revealed that secular children did not differ from orthodox children with respect to their essentialist beliefs about the stability of animal category membership, and their teleological construal of artifacts. Expand
Author ' s personal copy God ’ s categories : The effect of religiosity on children ’ s teleological and essentialist beliefs about categories q
Creationism implies that God imbued each category with a unique nature and purpose. These implications closely correspond to what some cognitive psychologists define as an essentialistic andExpand
Influences on Understanding and Belief About the Origin of Species in Chinese and American Adolescents
Author(s): Smith, Erin Irene | Advisor(s): Richert, Rebekah A. | Abstract: Although beliefs about origins and evolutionary knowledge have been considered independent, research has suggested that bothExpand
Contradictory or Complementary? Creationist and Evolutionist Explanations of the Origin(s) of Species
Almost half of the US public rejects the idea that humans originated via evolution rather than by supernatural design. Moreover, studies demonstrate that even biology teachers have difficultyExpand
Cognitive Foundations in the Development of a Religious Mind
Evolutionary explanations for the existence of religious concepts have generally been based on the premise that the transmission and acquisition of religious concepts is a cognitively easy processExpand
In the name of God: How children and adults judge agents who act for religious versus secular reasons
TLDR
The results of Study 3 were consistent with the intuition account, which argues that non-theist adults had effortfully overridden the teleological intuitions that may have influenced children's responses in Studies 1-2 and potentially led children to prefer characters whose beliefs were in line with children's own intuitions. Expand
Engaging multiple epistemologies: Implications for science education
It might seem contradictory to believe that humans were created in their present form at one time within the past 10,000 years and at the same time believe that humans developed over millions ofExpand
The science of religious beliefs
Abstract Why have humans, throughout history and across cultures, shown a strong tendency to believe in the existence of superhuman intentional agents and attached this belief to notions of morality,Expand
The Relation Between Essentialist Beliefs and Evolutionary Reasoning
TLDR
Overall, it is argued that psychological essentialism, although a useful bias for drawing species-wide inductions, leads individuals to devalue within-species variation and, consequently, to fail to understand natural selection. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 99 REFERENCES
The Emergence of Beliefs about the Origins of Species in School-Age Children.
Two studies address children's emerging understanding of the origins of species. Elementary-school children, aged 5-12 years, were interviewed about their under standing of biological origins and ofExpand
Cognitive Constraints on Hindu Concepts of the Divine
Concepts of gods, like any other concepts, are informed and constrained by cross-cultural regularities of the human mind-brain. Specifically, divine beings that are represented as intentional agentsExpand
Cultural psychology : essays on comparative human development
Preface Cultural psychology - what is it? Richard A. Shweder Part I. The Keynote Addresses: 1. On the strange and the familiar in recent anthropological thought Melford E. Spiro Part II. CulturalExpand
Mapping the mind: Essentialist beliefs in children: The acquisition of concepts and theories
In their first few years of life, children are making sense of the world at two levels at once: at the fine-grained level of everyday object categories (deciding which things are trees and which areExpand
Mapping the Mind: Domain Specificity In Cognition And Culture
Preface Domain specificity: an introduction Lawrence Hirschfeld and Susan Gelman Part I. General/Theoretical Approaches: 1. The modularity of thought Dan Sperber 2. Domain specificity and culturalExpand
Children's Thoughts on the Origin of Species: A Study of Explanatory Coherence
TLDR
The results indicate that several children explain the phenomena of speciation in terms of consistent explanatory frameworks that strongly resemble either early Greek or renaissance variants of Essentialist theories in biology. Expand
Development in context : acting and thinking in specific environments
Contents: R.H. Wozniak, K.W. Fischer, Development in Context: An Introduction. Part I:Ecosystems, Affordances, Transactions, and Skills: Theories of Person/Situation Interaction. U. Bronfenbrenner,Expand
Why do birds of a feather flock together? Developmental change in the use of multiple explanations: Intention, teleology and essentialism
In two studies, 6-12-year-old children (Study 1: N = 58; Study 2: N = 38) and adults (Study 2: N = 22) rank ordered intentional, teleological and essentialist explanations for different behaviours ofExpand
The scope of teleological thinking in preschool children
TLDR
The scope of young children's teleological tendency to view entities as 'designed for purposes' is explored, finding that, unlike adults, pre-schoolers tend to attribute functions to all kinds of objects. Expand
Why are rocks pointy? Children's preference for teleological explanations of the natural world.
TLDR
Two studies explored the tendency of adults and first-, second-, and fourth-grade elementary-school children to explain the properties of living and nonliving natural kinds in teleological terms, finding that children were more likely than adults to broadly explainThe properties of both living andNonliving natural types in teleology terms, although the kinds of functions that they endorsed varied with age. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...