• Corpus ID: 18179811

Cognitive adaptations for social exchange.

  title={Cognitive adaptations for social exchange.},
  author={Leda Cosmides and John Tooby},
The human mind is the most complex natural phenomenon humans have yet encountered, and Darwin's gift to those who wish to understand it is a knowledge of the process that created it and gave it its distinctive organization: evolution. Because we know that the human mind is the product of the evolutionary process, we know something vitally illuminating: that, aside from those properties acquired by chance, the mind consists of a set of adaptations, designed to solve the long-standing adaptive… 
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Culture, Social Minds, and Governance in Evolution
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  • Medicine, Sociology
    Politics and the Life Sciences
  • 2001
It is argued that evolutionary scientists have neglected the powerful explanatory statement of Darwin regarding at least one general-purpose adaptation of social animals, namely, the instinct for sociability, a position supported by recent neurological studies.
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ABSTRACT Evolutionary psychology suggests that the human mind consists of evolved cognitive mechanisms that developed through evolution by means of natural selection. These mechanisms evolved to
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  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2010
The second hypothesis is that humans possess an ability of metaphorical abstraction, which allows them to coopt faculties that originally evolved for physical problem-solving and social coordination, apply them to abstract subject matter, and combine them productively, which can help explain the emergence of abstract cognition without supernatural or exotic evolutionary forces.
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Evolutionary psychology purports to explain human capacities as adaptations to an ancestral environment. A complete explanation of human language or human reasoning as adaptations depends on
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Abstract Models of the various adaptive specializations that have evolved in the human psyche could become the building blocks of a scientific theory of culture. The first step in creating such
The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments
Abstract Present conditions and selection pressures are irrelevant to the present design of organisms and do not explain how or why organisms behave adaptively, when they do. To whatever non-chance
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An evolutionary approach to psychological variation reconceptualizes traits as either the output of species-typical, adaptively designed development and psychological mechanisms, or as the result of genetic noise creating perturbations in these mechanisms.
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George Williams's "Adaptation and Natural Selection", now a classic of science literature, is a thorough and convincing essay in defense of Darwinism; its suggestions for developing effective principles for dealing with the evolution debate and its relevance to many fields outside biology ensure the timelessness of this critical work.
The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism
  • R. Trivers
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1971
A model is presented to account for the natural selection of what is termed reciprocally altruistic behavior. The model shows how selection can operate against the cheater (non-reciprocator) in the
The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I.
  • W. Hamilton
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1964
A genetical mathematical model is described which allows for interactions between relatives on one another's fitness and a quantity is found which incorporates the maximizing property of Darwinian fitness, named “inclusive fitness”.
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Evidence is presented from 20 species that the ratio of investment in monogynous ants is, indeed, about 1 : 3, and this discovery is subject to a series of tests, which provide quantitative evidence in support of kinship theory, sex ratio theory, and the assumption that the offspring is capable of acting counter to its parents' best interests.