Cognitive Slippage in Schizotypic Individuals

@article{Gooding2001CognitiveSI,
  title={Cognitive Slippage in Schizotypic Individuals},
  author={Diane Carol Gooding and Kathleen A. Tallent and Juraj Hegyi},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  year={2001},
  volume={189},
  pages={750-756}
}
The Miers and Raulin Cognitive Slippage Scale was used to assess subtle thought disorder, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) was used to assess cognitive performance in deviantly high scorers on the Perceptual Aberration and Magical Ideation Scales (N = 63), high scorers on the revised Social Anhedonia Scale (N = 62), and in control subjects (N = 83). Results indicate that schizotypic individuals are more likely to report greater cognitive slippage and less likely to achieve as many… 
Association of Schizotypy With Dimensions of Cognitive Control: A Meta-Analysis.
TLDR
This work sought to provide a quantitative estimation of the effect size of impairments in schizotypy in the updating, shifting, and inhibition dimensions of cognitive control and underline the importance of more detailed research to further understand and define this complex personality construct.
Cognitive Slippage, Psychosis-Proneness, and Schizotypy: A Comment on Loas, et al. (2013)
  • D. Gooding
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychological reports
  • 2014
TLDR
A brief commentary on the validity of the Miers and Raulin Cognitive Slippage Scale and the nature of the relationship between thought disorder and schizotypy is discussed.
Theory of mind, neurocognition, and functional status in schizotypy
Neurocognition in Psychometrically Defined College Schizotypy Samples: We Are NOT Measuring the “Right Stuff”
TLDR
The data suggest that traditionally defined neurocognitive deficits do not approximate the magnitude of subjective complaints associated with psychometrically defined schizotypy, and neurocognition was normal across all measures.
Schizotypy, depression, and anxiety in physical and social anhedonia.
TLDR
This cross-sectional study examined the respective profiles of schizotypy, anxiety, and depression in French students with physical and social anhedonia, using psychometric and interview-based measures.
Context-processing deficits in schizotypal personality disorder.
TLDR
Testing of the hypothesis that a deficit in the representation and maintenance of context is a core cognitive disturbance in schizophrenia and that SPD individuals should demonstrate context-processing deficits found that context processing was strongly associated with working memory and selective attention performance in the SPD individuals.
Semantic activation abnormalities in disorganized schizotypy.
To better understand the relationship between disorganized schizotypy and loose associations, we calculated semantic distances between successive responses on the Category Fluency Test (CFT), using
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Cognitive Slippage and Depression in Hypothetically Psychosis-Prone College Students
TLDR
The Per- Mag Scale and the GBI are recommended for concurrent use in mass screening to identify a group of individuals who exhibit signs of cognitive slippage and who may, therefore, be at risk for the development of severe psychopathology.
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test deficits in schizotypic individuals
Reliability and Validity of the Cognitive Slippage Scale in Two Populations
TLDR
Preliminary results are consistent with the reliability and validity of the Cognitive Slippage Scale, but item analysis indicated Items 11, 20, 21, and 28 may not reliably discriminate between schizophrenic and college student samples.
Impulsive nonconformity as a trait contributing to the prediction of psychotic-like and schizotypal symptoms.
TLDR
The experimental subjects reported more antisocial and nonconforming behaviors than control subjects, supporting the construct validity of the scale as a measure of impulsive nonconformity, and reported more psychotic or psychotic-like experiences, more schizotypal experiences, and more depressive and manic or hypomanic symptoms.
Thought disorder, perceptual aberrations, and schizotypy.
TLDR
The hypothesis that psychometrically identified schizotypic individuals display thought disorder similar to that shown by schizophrenic patients and some of their 1st-degree relatives is supported, suggesting that there is a relation between schizotypesic psychopathology, as tapped by the PerAb scale, and clinical schizophrenia.
Magical ideation and social anhedonia as predictors of psychosis proneness: a partial replication.
TLDR
The authors compared college students identified by high scores on the Magical Ideation Scale and the Revised Social Anhedonia Scale with control participants at a 10-year follow-up assessment to replicate L. Zinser's (1994) report of heightened psychosis proneness in MagSoc individuals.
Schizotypal thinking and associative processing: a response commonality analysis of verbal fluency.
TLDR
Findings support the view of a disinhibition of semantic network functioning as the neuropsychological basis of creative thought, magical ideation and thought disorder.
Schizotaxia revisited.
  • P. Meehl
  • Psychology
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1989
TLDR
That schizophrenia is basically a neurologic disorder does not contradict whatever is known about its psychodynamics, nor preclude efficacy for psychotherapy or other psychosocial interventions, and research should concentrate on soft neurology and psychophysiology as indicators.
Matched tasks for measuring single-word, referent communication: the performance of patients with schizophrenic and affective disorders.
TLDR
An objective index of cognitive slippage, an important sign of vulnerability to schizophrenia, is developed and appears to reflect a genuine cognitive problem rather than a mere statistical artifact.
...
...