Cognitive Predictors of Alcohol Involvement and Alcohol Consumption–Related Consequences in a Sample of Drunk-Driving Offenders

  title={Cognitive Predictors of Alcohol Involvement and Alcohol Consumption–Related Consequences in a Sample of Drunk-Driving Offenders},
  author={Lawrence Matthew Scheier and Sandra C. Lapham and Janet C’de Baca},
  journal={Substance Use \& Misuse},
  pages={2089 - 2115}
Motivational theories of alcohol involvement emphasize a wide range of cognitive factors as precursors to “heavy” or high-risk drinking. Central to this consideration has been expectancies, drinking urges, triggers, and situational cues, all of which can synergistically or independently stimulate drinking. Unfortunately, empirical studies have scrutinized low-level or moderate drinkers drawn from the general population, and less is known about the role of cognitive factors as precursors to high… 

The Relationship Between Psychological Distress, Negative Cognitions, and Expectancies on Problem Drinking

The relationship between psychological distress and problem drinking among university students was mediated by an extended contributory chain, including negative affect regulation and positive alcohol-related expectancies.

Risk of alcohol abuse in urban versus rural DUI offenders

It is indicated that rural DUI offenders have a significantly greater risk of heavy alcohol use when compared to urban DUI offenders, and evaluators and assessors should be aware of an increased likelihood of alcohol problems in rural DUI individuals relative to those in urban areas.



Psychological Expectancy as Mediator of Vulnerability to Alcoholism

  • G. Smith
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1994
Findings support the model of expectancy as a mediator of the original causal influences of earlier learning experiences of alcoholism, which is a predictor of drinking behavior, including alcoholism, in a wide range of groups.

Expectancies as mediators of the effects of social influences and alcohol knowledge on adolescent alcohol use: A prospective analysis.

A 2-pronged prevention model that integrates principles of social learning theory with expectancy-based, cognitive-behavioral change and emphasizes dissemination of age-appropriate alcohol information in programs that aim to reduce alcohol use is discussed.

Using alcohol expectancies to predict adolescent drinking behavior after one year.

Results show that five of seven expectancy scores readily discriminated between nonproblem drinkers and those subsequently beginning problem drinking and accounted for a large portion of the variance in a continuous quantity/frequency index and a problem drinking index.

Drinking to regulate positive and negative emotions: a motivational model of alcohol use.

A motivational model of alcohol use is proposed and tested in which people are hypothesized to use alcohol to regulate both positive and negative emotions and indicates the importance of distinguishing psychological motives for alcohol use.

Development and initial validation of a measure of drinking urges in abstinent alcoholics.

An internally consistent, reliable, and psychometrically valid 8-item scale, the Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ), was developed and data indicated that AUQ scores were strongly related to alcohol dependence severity and to cognitive preoccupation with alcohol, and that they declined with prolonged abstinence.

A motivational model of alcohol use.

The motivational counseling technique uses nonchemical goals and incentives to help the alcoholic develop a satisfying life without the necessity of alcohol.

Covariance structure models of expectancy.

Results indicated that alcohol expectancy acts as a significant, partial mediator of the relationship between sensation- seeking and consumption, that family history of alcohol abuse is not related to drinking outcome and that overlap in items on sensation-seeking and alcohol consumption measures may falsely inflate their relationship.

Alcohol expectancies among male alcoholics, problem drinkers, and nonproblem drinkers.

The data suggest that important individual differences exist in drinkers' expectations regarding alcohol's utility, and that alcohol expectancies vary considerably as a function of problem drinking severity.

Expectancy for social facilitation from drinking: the divergent paths of high-expectancy and low-expectancy adolescents.

Covariance structure modeling showed that teens' expectancy for social facilitation from alcohol and their drinking experience influenced each other in a reciprocal, positive feedback fashion, which bolstered the hypothesis that expectancy actively influences drinking and point to the importance of expectancy-based intervention efforts.