Cognitive Bias in Eating Disorders:

@article{Williamson1999CognitiveBI,
  title={Cognitive Bias in Eating Disorders:},
  author={Donald A. Williamson and Stephanie L. Muller and Deborah Lynn Reas and Jean M. Thaw},
  journal={Behavior Modification},
  year={1999},
  volume={23},
  pages={556 - 577}
}
Research testing the predictions of cognitive-behavioral theory related to the psychopathology of eating disorders has lagged behind treatment outcome research. Central to cognitive theories of eating disorders is the hypothesis that beliefs and expectancies pertaining to body size and to eating are biased in favor of selectively processing information related to fatness/thinness, dieting, and control of food intake or body weight. In recent years, controlled investigations of the predictions… 
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B biases were found for negative eating and neutral weight pictures, and for positive eating pictures in women with eating disorders; these biases were greater than those found in anxious and normal controls.
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Results indicated that the eating disorder and body dysphoric groups were able to change their interpretation of body-related information when instructed to do so.
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These findings highlight the importance of temporal factors in whether processing biases are displayed and may point to ways in which biases actually work in this population, however, further research is warranted.
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Findings can be reconciled with the view that control functions are generally impaired in BED, and that there is an additional bias for eating-related stimuli, both of which were related with reported severity of BED symptoms.
Psychological treatment of eating disorders.
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Current conceptual and clinical innovations designed to improve on existing therapeutic efficacy and the problems of increasing the dissemination of evidence-based treatments that are unavailable in most clinical service settings are discussed.
Information processing biases in eating disorders.
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Two paradigms are considered: the modified Stroop task and the dot probe task, and the relative merits and problems associated with both approaches are considered.
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