Cognitive Architectures for Multimedia Learning

  title={Cognitive Architectures for Multimedia Learning},
  author={Stephen K. Reed},
  journal={Educational Psychologist},
  pages={87 - 98}
This article provides a tutorial overview of cognitive architectures that can form a theoretical foundation for designing multimedia instruction. Cognitive architectures include a description of memory stores, memory codes, and cognitive operations. Architectures that are relevant to multimedia learning include Paivio's dual coding theory, Baddeley's working memory model, Engelkamp's multimodal theory, Sweller's cognitive load theory, Mayer's multimedia learning theory, and Nathan's ANIMATE… 

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