Coffee, Caffeine, and Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review.

  title={Coffee, Caffeine, and Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review.},
  author={Giuseppe Grosso and Justyna Godos and Fabio Galvano and Edward L. Giovannucci},
  journal={Annual review of nutrition},
To evaluate the associations between coffee and caffeine consumption and various health outcomes, we performed an umbrella review of the evidence from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). [] Key Result Of the 59 unique outcomes examined in the selected 112 meta-analyses of observational studies, coffee was associated with a probable decreased risk of breast, colorectal, colon, endometrial, and prostate cancers; cardiovascular disease and mortality; Parkinson's…

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