Coevolution of Parental Care, Parasitic, and Resistance Efforts in Facultative Parasitism.


Here we develop a tug-of-war game theory model of mixed-strategy facultative parasitism. In this framework, individuals decide how to strategically invest in parental care effort, parasitism, and resistance to being parasitized, choosing their investments to respond optimally to their opponent's behavior and vice versa. We have implemented the model in the… (More)
DOI: 10.1086/683227


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