• Corpus ID: 19593967

Coercion in research: are prisoners the only vulnerable population?

@article{McDermott2013CoercionIR,
  title={Coercion in research: are prisoners the only vulnerable population?},
  author={Barbara E McDermott},
  journal={The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law},
  year={2013},
  volume={41 1},
  pages={
          8-13
        }
}
  • B. McDermott
  • Published 1 March 2013
  • Medicine
  • The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Research plays an essential role in advancing medical and behavioral sciences and in improving our ability to understand and treat illness. However, unlike clinical care, which is intended for the sole benefit of the patient, research has the broader goal of advancing knowledge and does not 
Balancing the Rights to Protection and Participation: A Call for Expanded Access to Ethically Conducted Correctional Health Research
TLDR
The historical context surrounding regulations on research involving individuals in prison is described, the harms that can arise from excessive limitations to research in such settings, and the benefits of greater access to ethically conducted research in prison are described.
Advances and Challenges in Conducting Research with Diverse and Vulnerable Populations in a Healthcare Setting: Reducing Stigma and Increasing Cultural Sensitivity
TLDR
This chapter focuses on ethical and methodological considerations for conducting health research with diverse and vulnerable populations, and addresses four groups: racial and ethnic minorities, sexual orientation and gender minorities, prisoners, and individuals with chronic illnesses or limitations.
Relational vulnerability and the research process with former prisoners in Athens, Georgia (USA)
Abstract A host of power relations are structurally imposed upon the imprisoned and these produce vulnerabilities that require considerable energy and attention. This paper argues, however, that
Research Ethics and Intellectual Disability: Broadening the Debates
  • L. Carlson
  • Philosophy
    The Yale journal of biology and medicine
  • 2013
TLDR
The ethical issues surrounding the inclusion of people with intellectual disabilities as research subjects are examined and the importance of researchers engaging with critical disability perspectives in order to navigate these complex ethical questions are underscored.
Understanding the process of psychological risk assessment : exploring the experiences of psychologists, indeterminate sentenced prisoners and parole board members
As the name implies, indeterminate sentenced prisoners in England and Wales do not have a fixed release date. Instead, a panel of the Parole Board decides whether or not the prisoner can safely be
Court-Mandated Patients’ Perspectives on the Psychotherapist’s Dual Loyalty Conflict – Between Ally and Enemy
TLDR
The findings show that some therapists’ characteristics and activities attenuate the negative impact of their double role on the development and maintenance of the alliance.
Understanding older male prisoners' satisfaction with quality of life and wellbeing
This thesis is of originality and value as it is the first piece of research to explore whether older male prisoners are satisfied with quality of life (QoL) and wellbeing and if the most appropriate
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 14 REFERENCES
Prisoner Research – Looking Back or Looking Forward?
TLDR
This paper documents some facilities in which a prisoner's right to research has occurred and explores the concept of the right of prisoners to be involved in research.
Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners
TLDR
Five broad actions are emphasized to provide prisoners involved in research with critically important protections: expand the definition of "prisoner"; ensure universally and consistently applied standards of protection; shift from a category-based to a risk-benefit approach to research review; update the ethical framework to include collaborative responsibility; enhance systematic oversight of research involving prisoners.
Human subjects research with prisoners: putting the ethical question in context.
TLDR
To suggest that the IOM’s risk-benefit proposal is too restrictive is, at best, overly optimistic about the ability of institutional review boards – faulty even in the best of circumstances – to mitigate the pro- found ethical challenges associated with such research.
Nuremberg and the issue of wartime experiments on US prisoners. The Green Committee.
Defense attorneys at the Nuremberg Medical Trial argued that no ethical difference existed between experiments in Nazi concentration camps and research in US prisons. Investigations that had taken
ETHICS GOVERNING THE SERVICE OF PRISONERS AS SUBJECTS IN MEDICAL EXPERIMENTS
TLDR
The expression "reduction of sentence in prison" is used to indicate that under the parole system the total sentence is not reduced since the prisoner is subject to the regulations of the Parole Board after parole, his activities are supervised and the board may return him to prison.
Acres of Skin
Acres of Skin presents an angry, distressing and provoking description of human experimentation within the American prison system. Specifically, it focuses upon experiments conducted by investigators
The prisoner as model organism: malaria research at Stateville Penitentiary.
  • N. Comfort
  • History
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2009
IRB Member Judgments of Decisional Capacity, Coercion, and Risk in Medical and Psychiatric Studies
TLDR
It is suggested that IRB members may inflate the vulnerability and decisional incapacity of psychiatric subjects, while discounting vulnerability and incapacity in medical subjects.
Blood - An Epic History of Medicine and Commerce
TLDR
The history of blood use is traced, from using “gentle calf” blood in France in the 17th century to tame madmen up to today, when transfusion has been common medical practice only since 1915.
When prisoners are victims
  • Chronicles of Higher Education, October
  • 2006
...
1
2
...