Coenzyme Q10 Contents in Foods and Fortification Strategies

@article{Pravst2010CoenzymeQC,
  title={Coenzyme Q10 Contents in Foods and Fortification Strategies},
  author={Igor Pravst and Katja Žmitek and Janko Žmitek},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  year={2010},
  volume={50},
  pages={269 - 280}
}
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ 10 ) is an effective natural antioxidant with a fundamental role in cellular bioenergetics and numerous known health benefits. Reports of its natural occurrence in various food items are comprehensively reviewed and critically evaluated. Meat, fish, nuts, and some oils are the richest nutritional sources of CoQ 10 , while much lower levels can be found in most dairy products, vegetables, fruits, and cereals. Large variations of CoQ 10 content in some foods and food products of… 
Fortification methods of coenzyme Q10 in yogurt and its health functionality-a review.
TLDR
The study showed that nanoparticles form of CoQ10 in yogurt showed higher bioaccesiblity rates in humans, and the microencapsulation of Co Q10 showed a low amount of Ubiquinone released during its shelf life.
Coenzyme Q10 production in plants: current status and future prospects
TLDR
Plants, being photosynthetic, producing high biomass and the engineering of pathways for producing CoQ10 directly in food crops will eliminate the additional step for purification and thus could be used as an ideal and cost-effective alternative to chemical synthesis and microbial production of CoQ 10.
Coenzyme Q10 and its Effective Sources
TLDR
Biological production of CoQ10 offers an environmentally benign option based on the enzymatic catalysis at the cellular level due to ease of control and low production costs and offers more advantages over the existing technologies.
The coenzyme Q10 content of food supplements
In the European Union (EU), food supplements are regulated as food and their use is expanding rapidly. There is no enforcement to ensure that good manufacturing practices (GMPs) are followed during
Comparative Bioavailability of Different Coenzyme Q10 Formulations in Healthy Elderly Individuals
TLDR
No differences in the redox status of the absorbed coenzyme Q10 were observed between formulations, showing that CoQ10 appeared in the blood mostly as ubiquinol, even if consumed as ubiqu inone.
Determination of coenzyme Q10, coenzyme Q9, and melatonin contents in virgin argan oils: comparison with other edible vegetable oils.
TLDR
The results showed that virgin argan oil is a rich source of coQ(10) and Mel, but no CoQ(9) was detected, and extra virgin olive oil showed higher levels of Co Q( 10) and lower levels of Mel than virginArgan oil.
Coenzyme Q10 deficiency in elderly: Can nutritional supplementation play a role? Mini review
TLDR
There is evidence that, in elderly, oral administration of CoQ10 reduces oxidative stress and inflammatory markers and reduces cardiovascular mortality; in diabetics CoQ 10 treatment improves insulin sensitivity and decreases glycated hemoglobin.
Determination by UPLC / MSMS of Coenzyme Q 10 ( CoQ 10 ) in Plasma of Healthy Volunteers before and after Oral Intake of Food Supplements Containing CoQ 10
TLDR
CoQ10 plays a key role in maintaining the cellular redox state and acts as an antioxidant, inhibiting free radicals and showing synergism with other antioxidants.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 110 REFERENCES
The Stability of Coenzyme Q 10 in Fortified Foods
Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ 10 ), also known as Ubiquinone, is a natural antioxidant with a fundamental role in cellular bioenergetics. Endogenous tissue levels drop progressively with increasing age and a
Relative Bioavailability of Two Forms of a Novel Water-Soluble Coenzyme Q10
TLDR
The study revealed that the absorption and bioavailability of CoQ10 in the novel formulations are significantly increased, probably due to the enhanced water solubility.
The Quality Control Assessment of Commercially Available Coenzyme Q10-Containing Dietary and Health Supplements in Japan
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been widely commercially available in Japan as a dietary and health supplement since 2001 and is used for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases induced by free
Coenzymes Q9and Q10: Contents in Foods and Dietary Intake
Coenzyme Q9and Q10contents in 35 food items were determined and coenzyme Q intake of Finns was estimated. The analytical method employed direct solvent extraction or saponification before extraction
The coenzyme Q10 content of the average Danish diet.
  • C. Weber, A. Bysted, G. Hłlmer
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition
  • 1997
TLDR
The average dietary intake of coenzyme Q10 and coen enzyme Q9 of the Danish population was determined, based on food consumption data from a national dietary survey, and the alpha-tocopherol content of the selected food samples was comparable to the estimate from the dietary survey.
Coenzyme Q10 in the diet--daily intake and relative bioavailability.
Coenzyme Q10: Absorption, tissue uptake, metabolism and pharmacokinetics
TLDR
Animal data show that CoQ10 in large doses is taken up by all tissues including heart and brain mitochondria, which has implications for therapeutic applications in human diseases and there is evidence for its beneficial effect in cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.
Transfer of dietary coenzyme Q10 into the egg yolk of laying hens.
TLDR
Findings suggest that, in CoQ10-fed laying hens, the increase of hepatic Co Q10 elevates the plasma VLDLy CoQ 10 concentration, which in turn results in a high CoQ20 content in the egg yolk of laying he chickens.
Risk assessment for coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinone).
...
...