Code Switching and Mixed Language Genesis in Tiwi

  title={Code Switching and Mixed Language Genesis in Tiwi},
  author={Justin Spence},
  • J. Spence
  • Published 12 February 2012
  • Linguistics
Data from the transcript of a public meeting are used to examine patterns of code switching in Tiwi, a head-marking polysynthetic language of northern Australia where an N-V mixed language has emerged among younger speakers (Lee 1987, McConvell 2008). McConvell’s theory predicts that code switching behavior should reflect the same center of gravity principles as found in the  resulting mixed language. In particular, a head-marking language like Tiwi should most commonly provide the verbal part… 
Bilingual speech in Jaru–Kriol conversations: Codeswitching, codemixing, and grammatical fusion
  • Josua Dahmen
  • Linguistics
    International Journal of Bilingualism
  • 2021
Aims and objectives: Language contact in the Yaruman community of Western Australia has led to prevalent bilingual practices between the endangered language Jaru and the creole language Kriol. This


Mixed Languages as Outcomes of Code-Switching: Recent Examples from Australia and Their Implications
There has been much debate about whether mixed languages arise from code-switching. This paper presents one clear example of this kind of genesis, Gurindji Kriol, and other probable examples, from
Gurindji Kriol: A Mixed Language Emerges from Code-switching
The language spoken most frequently by Gurindji people between the ages of 3 and about 45, termed ‘Gurindji Kriol’ here, is a counter-example to Bakker (2003: 129), which claims that ‘mixed languages’ do not arise from code-switching.
The role of codeswitched input to children in the origin of a new mixed language
Abstract Light Warlpiri is a mixed language, with Warlpiri and Aboriginal English/Kriol as its sources. It was developed by a group who received codeswitched input in a baby talk register from when
An Introduction to Contact Linguistics
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Head-marking and dependent-marking grammar
La theorie linguistique pourrait s'enrichir, selon l'auteur, en tenant compte du fait que le marquage de la tete du syntagme, dans les problemes d'accords, est plus repandu dans les langues du monde
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