OGG1 and MSH2/MSH3 promote CAG repeat expansion at Huntington's disease (HD) locusin vivo during removal of oxidized bases from DNA. CSB, a transcription-coupled repair (TCR) protein, facilitates repair of some of the same oxidative lesions. In vitro, a knock down CSB results in a reduction of transcription-induced deletions at CAG repeat tract. To test the role of CSB in vivo, we measured intergenerational and somatic expansion of CAG tracts in HD mice lacking CSB, OGG1, or both. We provide evidence that CSB protects CAG repeats from expansion by either active reduction of the tract length during parent-child transmission, or by antagonizing the action of OGG1, which tends to promote expansion in somatic cells. These results raise a possibility that actions of transcription-coupled and base excision repair pathways lead to different outcomes at CAG tracts in vivo.