Cochlear gene transfer studies in animal models have utilized mainly two delivery methods: direct injection through the round window membrane (RWM) or intracochlear infusion through a cochleostomy. However, the surgical trauma, inflammation, and hearing loss associated with these methods lead us to investigate a less invasive delivery method. Herein, we studied the feasibility of a vector transgene-soaked gelatin sponge, Gelfoam, for transgene delivery into the mouse cochlea through an intact RWM. The Gelfoam absorbed with liposomes and adenovirus, but not with adeno-associated virus (AAV), was successful in mediating transgene expression across an intact RWM in a variety of cochlear tissues. The Gelfoam technique proved to be an easy, atraumatic, and effective, but vector-dependent, method of delivering transgenes through an intact RWM. Compared with the more invasive gene delivery methods, this technique represents a safer and a more clinically viable route of cochlear gene delivery in humans.