Current status and future perspectives on molecular and serological methods in diagnostic mycology.
Residents of the area now occupied by the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico have had to deal with coccidioidomycosis and complicating meningitis for >1500 years. The hundredth anniversary of the reporting of disseminated coccidioidomycosis has just passed. This year has the dubious distinction of being the hundredth anniversary of the first description of coccidioidal meningitis. Although intrathecal amphotericin B began to be used for therapy 50 years ago, and although we have benefited from azole therapy for >10 years, the morbidity and mortality associated with this all-too-common disease remain unacceptably high. This review will endeavor to discuss the pathogenic, pathophysiologic, clinical, laboratory, radiologic, and therapeutic features of meningitis secondary to Coccidioides infection.