Cocaine use and cardiovascular complications

@article{Vasica2002CocaineUA,
  title={Cocaine use and cardiovascular complications},
  author={Gabriella Vasica and Christopher Tennant},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  year={2002},
  volume={177}
}
In Australia, the lifetime use of cocaine is rising, with 3% of the population aged over 14 using cocaine in 1991, increasing to 4.5% in 1998, and cocaine use accounting for 10% of all deaths secondary to illicit drug use in 1998. Cocaine is prepared from the leaves of the plant Erythroxylon coca, and is available as cocaine hydrochloride (a water‐soluble powder or granule which can be taken orally, intravenously or intranasally) and as “freebase” or “crack” cocaine (heat stable, melting at… 

Acute cocaine toxicity: assessment and cardiac risk

The aim of this article is to highlight the presentation and consequence of acute cocaine toxicity in relatio...

Data available on the extent of cocaine use and dependence: biochemistry, pharmacologic effects and global burden of disease of cocaine abusers.

The effects of Cocaine mainly depend on the user's addiction, the dose received and the mode of assumption, so ascribing adverse health effect to a certain drug might be difficult.

Peripartum care of the cocaine‐abusing parturient: are we ready?

  • K. Kuczkowski
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • 2005
Several agents are discussed briefly that have been proposed for the treatment of chest pain and other cardiovascular side‐effects of cocaine toxicity in pregnancy and their mechanism of action is considered.

Acute aortic dissection associated with use of cocaine.

Anesthesia in patients who are users of crack and cocaine

Anesthesia in drug dependent patients is a real challenge to the anesthesiologist who must therefore be aware of the pathophysiological alterations to best address these patients and decrease morbidity and mortality.

The risk for mild kidney function decline associated with illicit drug use among hypertensive men.

Interventions aimed at helping patients discontinue illicit drug use and maintain a drug-free lifestyle may have an important role in delaying and/or preventing the onset of kidney disease in hypertensive men.

Reverse Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Precipitated by Chronic Cocaine and Cannabis Use.

In this case, multiple insults including severe headache, cannabis hyperemesis and cocaine and methamphetamine-induced serotonin toxicity culminated in a drug-induced seizure which led to catecholamine cardiotoxicity resulting in rTC.

Acute myocardial infarction following the combined use of cocaine and alcohol.

A 37-year-old man who presented with inferior wall myocardial infarction shortly after the concomitant use of cocaine and ethanol showed prompt ST resolution after thrombolytic therapy andCoronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries.

Non-fatal cocaine overdose among injecting and non-injecting cocaine users in Sydney, Australia.

Cocaine users need to be aware of the possibility and nature of overdose, and that cocaine overdose can occur irrespective of method of use, and there is a need to emphasise the potential danger of combining cocaine with other drugs.
...

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