Cocaine metabolism in human fetal and adult liver microsomes is related to cytochrome P450 3A expression.

Cocaine N-demethylation to norcocaine was studied in human liver microsomes of different ages. Norcocaine was formed at a considerable rate in fetal (45.4+/-18.2 nmol/mg x hour, n = 8) and adult specimens (82.0+/-46.6 nmol/mg x hour, n = 15), p = 0.04 (Mann-Whitney). Furthermore, the apparent Km values in fetal specimens (0.57 and 0.48 mM, n = 2) showed a… CONTINUE READING