Faster onset and dopamine transporter selectivity predict stimulant and reinforcing effects of cocaine analogs in squirrel monkeys.
Previous studies have shown that [3H] WIN 35,428 binds preferentially to striatal cocaine receptors at the dopamine transporter after in vivo injection. In vivo binding competition studies were carried out to assess the relative rates of entry and occupancy of cocaine receptors by (-)-cocaine, mazindol and GBR 12909. After i.v. injection, (-)-cocaine occupied receptors relatively more rapidly than GBR 12,909 while mazindol was the slowest.