Cocaine‐exposed Children: Follow‐up Through 30 Months

  title={Cocaine‐exposed Children: Follow‐up Through 30 Months},
  author={Hallam Hurt and Nancy L. Brodsky and Laura M. Betancourt and Leonard E. Braitman and Elsa K Malmud and Joan M. Giannetta},
  journal={Journal of Developmental \& Behavioral Pediatrics},
ABSTRACT. This prospective, blinded study evaluates the effect of in utero cocaine exposure on outcome of nonasphyxiated, term and near-term children born to women of low socioeconomic status. Two hundred nineteen children (101 cocaine-exposed and 118 control) with extensive natal evaluations are evaluated at 6-month intervals. We report here growth, performance on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) through 30 months of age, and tone and reflexes at 6 and 12 months. To date… 
Children with in utero cocaine exposure do not differ from control subjects on intelligence testing.
In an inner-city cohort, IQ scores did not differ between cocaine-exposed and control children, however, both groups performed poorly.
A Prospective Comparison of Developmental Outcome of Children with In Utero Cocaine Exposure and Controls Using the Battelle Developmental Inventory
It is concluded that inner-city children are at risk for adverse developmental outcome regardless of in utero cocaine exposure.
Motor Development of Cocaine-exposed Children at Age Two Years
Findings indicate that deficiencies in motor development remain detectable at 2 years of age in children exposed to drugs prenatally, Although other environmental variables may influence motor development,Children exposed to cocaine and to alcohol in utero may encounter developmental challenges that impede later achievement.
Cognitive outcomes of preschool children with prenatal cocaine exposure.
Prenatal cocaine exposure was not associated with lower full-scale, verbal, or performance IQ scores but was associated with an increased risk for specific cognitive impairments and lower likelihood of IQ above the normative mean at 4 years.
Motor Development of Cocaine Exposed Children at Age Two Years 1200
Investigation of effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on motor development of young children from a predominately underprivileged, urban population indicates that deficiencies in motor development remain detectable at 2 years of age in children exposed to drugs prenatally.
Cognitive and motor outcomes of cocaine-exposed infants.
Cocaine-exposed children had significant cognitive deficits and a doubling of the rate of developmental delay during the first 2 years of life, and it is possible that these children will continue to have learning difficulties at school age.
Prenatal cocaine exposure and school-age intelligence.
Effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and postnatal environment on child development
Significant differences were found in cognitive functioning, in fine motor development, and in physical growth between control and prenatally cocaine‐exposed children.
Three‐Year Developmental Outcomes in Children with Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure
Developmental performance of preschool children exposed to alcohol and drugs prenatally was substantially lower than expected for age regardless of study group, and an effect of maternal binge drinking on MDI and PDI scores was suggested.
Effects of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure on Growth: A Longitudinal Analysis
This is the first study of the long-term effects of prenatal cocaine exposure to conduct longitudinal growth-curve analyses using 4 time points in childhood and indicates that prenatal cocaine Exposure has a lasting effect on child development.