Cocaine‐exposed Children: Follow‐up Through 30 Months

@article{Hurt1995CocaineexposedCF,
  title={Cocaine‐exposed Children: Follow‐up Through 30 Months},
  author={Hallam Hurt and Nancy L. Brodsky and Laura M. Betancourt and Leonard E. Braitman and Elsa K Malmud and Joan M. Giannetta},
  journal={Journal of Developmental \& Behavioral Pediatrics},
  year={1995},
  volume={16},
  pages={29–35}
}
ABSTRACT. This prospective, blinded study evaluates the effect of in utero cocaine exposure on outcome of nonasphyxiated, term and near-term children born to women of low socioeconomic status. Two hundred nineteen children (101 cocaine-exposed and 118 control) with extensive natal evaluations are evaluated at 6-month intervals. We report here growth, performance on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) through 30 months of age, and tone and reflexes at 6 and 12 months. To date… 
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Motor Development of Cocaine Exposed Children at Age Two Years 1200
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Cocaine-exposed children had significant cognitive deficits and a doubling of the rate of developmental delay during the first 2 years of life, and it is possible that these children will continue to have learning difficulties at school age.
Prenatal cocaine exposure and school-age intelligence.
Effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and postnatal environment on child development
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Significant differences were found in cognitive functioning, in fine motor development, and in physical growth between control and prenatally cocaine‐exposed children.
Three‐Year Developmental Outcomes in Children with Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure
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Developmental performance of preschool children exposed to alcohol and drugs prenatally was substantially lower than expected for age regardless of study group, and an effect of maternal binge drinking on MDI and PDI scores was suggested.
Effects of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure on Growth: A Longitudinal Analysis
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This is the first study of the long-term effects of prenatal cocaine exposure to conduct longitudinal growth-curve analyses using 4 time points in childhood and indicates that prenatal cocaine Exposure has a lasting effect on child development.
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