Cocaine/levamisole-associated autoimmune syndrome: a disease of neutrophil-mediated autoimmunity

@article{Cascio2018CocainelevamisoleassociatedAS,
  title={Cocaine/levamisole-associated autoimmune syndrome: a disease of neutrophil-mediated autoimmunity},
  author={M. Cascio and K. Jen},
  journal={Current Opinion in Hematology},
  year={2018},
  volume={25},
  pages={29–36}
}
Purpose of review Levamisole was previously used for its immunomodulatory properties to treat rheumatoid arthritis and some cancers. However, because of serious side-effects, it was taken off the market in the United States. Recently, levamisole has reemerged as a popular cocaine adulterant. Some individuals who consume levamisole-adulterated cocaine can develop a life-threatening autoimmune syndrome. In this review, the medical consequences of levamisole exposure and postulated mechanisms by… Expand
Levamisole in Children with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome: Clinical Efficacy and Pathophysiological Aspects
[Multifocal inflammatory levamisole-induced leukoencephalopathy].
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