Coase's Penguin, or Linux and the Nature of the Firm

  title={Coase's Penguin, or Linux and the Nature of the Firm},
  author={Yochai Benkler},
  • Y. Benkler
  • Published 24 September 2001
  • Business, Computer Science, Economics
  • ArXiv
For decades our common understanding of the organization of economic production has been that individuals order their productive activities in one of two ways: either as employees in firms, following the directions of managers, or as individuals in markets, following price signals. This dichotomy was first identified in the early work of Ronald Coase and was developed most explicitly in the work of institutional economist Oliver Williamson. In this paper I explain why we are beginning to see… 
Commons‐based Peer Production and Virtue*
COMMONS-BASED peer production is a socio-economic system of production that is emerging in the digitally networked environment. Facilitated by the technical infrastructure of the Internet, the
Uncommon Commons: The unlikely tales of programmers, educators, pirates and lawyers in the land of the commons1
The profile of Free / Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) in recent years has highlighted what some describe as a new mode of production that applies both to software and other forms of technology
Heteromation, and Other Stories of Computing and Capitalism
An exploration of a new division of laborbetween machines and humans, in which people provide value to the economy with little or no compensation. The computerization of the economy -- and everyday
Attention-seeking: Technics, Publics and Software Individuation
In his widely-cited article, ‘The Attention Economy and the Net’, Michael H. Goldhaber argued for a transformation in the nature of economic life in the network age. The industrial model, having
"This Place Does What It Was Built For"
To what extent consideration of constitutional layers is met or could be better met in three varied cases of digital institutions: cryptocurrencies, cannabis informatics, and amateur Minecraft server governance is explored.
Knowledge and the Moral Dimension in the Firm
Work within firms is in a sense always a cooperative venture thus involving a social dilemma. This paper addresses the following related questions: 1. How is the problem of aligning the motivations
NB : Preliminary draft : indulgence required for errors in English
Entrepreneurship has always constituted a weak point in classic and neo-classic standard economics. Nevertheless, its main characteristics were progressively introduced in the economic analysis. Some
Peer Production in the U.S. Navy: Enlisting Coase's Penguin
Abstract : Peer Production is an emerging model in the information age. It takes advantage of greatly reduced transaction costs enabled by the combination of a networked information economy and
Government and Markets: Law, Policy, and Cooperation
The last two decades have seen significant work undermining the selfishness hypothesis commonly used as a simplifying device for analysis based on the rational actor model. The work traverses a wide
Institutional change and information production
The organization of information production is undergoing a deep transformation. Alongside media corporations, which have been for long time the predominant institutions of information production, new


Innovation by User Communities: Learning From Open-Source Software
If the open-source software movement is any harbinger of future trends, manufacturing companies need to be concerned not only about what they produce, but also about what their customers might
The Several Futures of Property: Of Cyberspace and Folk Tales, Emission Trades and Ecosystems
Private property has long been associated with gloomy images-the rapaciousness of various Robber Barons on the one hand, the musty casuistry of future interests and the Rule Against Perpetuities on
The Second Enclosure Movement and the Construction of the Public Domain
  • J. Boyle
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • 2003
This article tries to develop the vocabulary and the analytic tools necessary to turn the tide of enclosure, and argues that the appropriate model for the change in thinking which I argue for comes from the history of the environmental movement.
The emergence of HIV in the U.S. blood supply: Organizations, obligations, and the management of uncertainty
In the early 1980s, blood suppliers in most Western nations went through at least a crisis, and often a scandal. Thousands of people were infected with HIV after receiving a blood transfusion or some GPL.pdf; and Eben Moglen, Enforcing the GPL II, LINUXUSER
  • 2001
The Sociology of Open Source
  • Of Cults and Cultures, IEEE SOFTWARE,
  • 2000
See supra note 74 and accompanying text
  • A Proposal for Electronic Publications in the Biomedical Sciences
  • 1999