Coarctation of the abdominal aorta: demonstration of a rare anomaly using contrast-enhanced MR-angiography.

  • Ruth Schubert
  • Published 2009 in VASA. Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten


We describe a case of aortic coarctation at the level of the infrarenal abdominal aorta which is encountered in less than six individuals in one million. In contrast to aortic narrowing above or including the renal arteries, this seems to be a relatively benign anomaly without systemic hypertension or impaired renal function. For the first time in this type of anomaly, contrast-enhanced MR angiography (ce-MRA) on a multi-receiver channel MR system, with an 8-channel phased array coil and parallel imaging was used. Ce-MRA displayed a tortuous, narrowed aortic segment that was found to be associated with mesenteric artery stenosis and compression of the orthotopic left renal vein, also known as the nutcracker phenomenon. All major aortic branches could be depicted using 3D surface-shaded displays and subvolume maximum intensity projections (MIPs). Collateral vessels of the abdominal wall were identified using whole-volume MIPs. Since the majority of aortic malformations are diagnosed at a younger age, and many suffer from renal insufficiency, we conclude that ce-MRA will eventually place conventional DSA as the modality of choice in malformations of the abdominal aorta.

DOI: 10.1024/0301-1526.38.1.66

Cite this paper

@article{Schubert2009CoarctationOT, title={Coarctation of the abdominal aorta: demonstration of a rare anomaly using contrast-enhanced MR-angiography.}, author={Ruth Schubert}, journal={VASA. Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten}, year={2009}, volume={38 1}, pages={66-71} }