Coal-exit health and environmental damage reductions outweigh economic impacts

  title={Coal-exit health and environmental damage reductions outweigh economic impacts},
  author={Sebastian Rauner and Nico Bauer and Alois Dirnaichner and Rita Van Dingenen and Christopher L. Mutel and Gunnar Luderer},
  journal={Nature Climate Change},
Cheap and abundant coal fuelled the industrialization of Europe, North America and Asia 1 . However, the price tag on coal has never reflected the external cost to society; coal combustion produces more than a third of today’s global CO 2 emissions and is a major contributor to local adverse effects on the environment and public health, such as biodiversity loss and respiratory diseases. Here, we show that phasing out coal yields substantial local environmental and health benefits that outweigh… 
Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation depend on strategic power plant retirements and pollution controls
Reducing CO2 emissions from fossil fuel- and biomass-fired power plants often also reduces air pollution, benefitting both climate and public health. Here, we examine the relationship of climate and
The importance of health co-benefits under different climate policy cooperation frameworks
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions has the ‘co-benefit’ of also reducing air pollution and associated impacts on human health. Here, we incorporate health co-benefits into estimates of the optimal
Reducing global air pollution: the scope for further policy interventions
Improved air quality would avoid a large share of the current 3–9 million cases of premature deaths annually and the measures that deliver clean air would also significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and contribute to multiple UN sustainable development goals.
Integrating Air Quality and Public Health Benefits in U.S. Decarbonization Strategies
This review article summarizes studies to date and presents methods used for these interdisciplinary analyses, identifying opportunities for policy action and further research on climate co-benefits to air quality and health.
Solar energy as an early just transition opportunity for coal-bearing states in India
Continued investment in coal embroils regions in coal lock-ins, creating dependence and vested interests around coal and thereby limiting the speed and potential to switch to cleaner energy. In
Environmental trade-offs of direct air capture technologies in climate change mitigation toward 2100
Direct air capture (DAC) is critical for achieving stringent climate targets, yet the environmental implications of its large-scale deployment have not been evaluated in this context. Performing a
Early retirement of power plants in climate mitigation scenarios
International efforts to avoid dangerous climate change aim for large and rapid reductions of fossil fuel CO2 emissions worldwide, including nearly complete decarbonization of the electric power


Air quality co-benefits of ratcheting up the NDCs
The current nationally determined contributions, pledged by the countries under the Paris Agreement, are far from limiting climate change to below 2 ∘ C temperature increase by the end of the
The Economic Effects of Climate Change
I review the literature on the economic impacts of climate change, an externality that is unprecedentedly large, complex, and uncertain. Only 14 estimates of the total damage cost of climate change
Drivers of declining CO2 emissions in 18 developed economies
Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuels and industry increased by 2.2% per year on average between 2005 and 20151. Global emissions need to peak and decline rapidly to limit
Prospects for powering past coal
To keep global warming within 1.5 °C of pre-industrial levels, there needs to be a substantial decline in the use of coal power by 20301,2 and in most scenarios, complete cessation by 20501,3. The
Closing the emission price gap
Committed emissions from existing energy infrastructure jeopardize 1.5 °C climate target
A comprehensive assessment of ‘committed’ carbon dioxide emissions—from existing and proposed fossil-fuel-based infrastructure—finds that these emissions may exceed the level required to keep global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term mitigation pathways
While the international community has agreed on the long-term target of limiting global warming to no more than 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, only a few concrete climate policies and measures to
Residual fossil CO2 emissions in 1.5–2 °C pathways
The Paris Agreement—which is aimed at holding global warming well below 2 °C while pursuing efforts to limit it below 1.5 °C—has initiated a bottom-up process of iteratively updating nationally
The REMIND-R model: the role of renewables in the low-carbon transformation—first-best vs. second-best worlds
Can near-term public support of renewable energy technologies contain the increase of mitigation costs due to delays of implementing emission caps at the global level? To answer this question we