Coal Smoke and Mortality in an Early Industrial Economy

@article{Beach2018CoalSA,
  title={Coal Smoke and Mortality in an Early Industrial Economy},
  author={Brian Beach and William Walker Hanlon},
  journal={Environmental Economics eJournal},
  year={2018}
}
  • B. Beach, W. Hanlon
  • Published 1 November 2018
  • Economics, History
  • Environmental Economics eJournal
Air pollution was severe in the nineteenth century, yet its health consequences are often overlooked due to a lack of pollution data. We offer a new approach for inferring local coal use levels based on local industrial structure and industry‐specific coal use intensity. This allows us to provide the first estimates of the mortality effects of British industrial coal use in 1851–60. Exploiting wind patterns for identification, we find that a one standard deviation increase in coal use raised… 
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