Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating

  title={Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating},
  author={Alan Barreca and Karen Clay and Joel A. Tarr},
  journal={ERN: Environmental Economics (Topic)},
Air pollution was severe in many urban areas of the United States in the first half of the twentieth century, in part due to the burning of bituminous coal for heat. We estimate the effects of this bituminous coal consumption on mortality rates in the U.S. during the mid-20th century. Coal consumption varied considerably during the 20th century due to coal-labor strikes, wartime oil and gas restrictions, and the expansion of gas pipelines, among other reasons. To mitigate the influence of… 
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