Co-orbiting satellite galaxy structures are still in conflict with the distribution of primordial dwarf galaxies

@article{Pawlowski2014CoorbitingSG,
  title={Co-orbiting satellite galaxy structures are still in conflict with the distribution of primordial dwarf galaxies},
  author={Marcel S. Pawlowski and Beno{\^i}t Famaey and Helmut Jerjen and David Merritt and Pavel Kroupa and J{\"o}rg Dabringhausen and Fabian Lughausen and Duncan A. Forbes and Gerhard Hensler and Franccois Hammer and Mathieu Puech and Sylvain Fouquet and H{\'e}ctor Flores and Yanbin Yang},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
  year={2014},
  volume={442},
  pages={2362-2380}
}
Both major galaxies in the Local Group host planar distributions of co-orbiting satellite galaxies, the Vast Polar Structure (VPOS) of the Milky Way and the Great Plane of Andromeda (GPoA). The $\Lambda$CDM cosmological model did not predict these features. However, according to three recent studies the properties of the GPoA and the flattening of the VPOS are common features among sub-halo based $\Lambda$CDM satellite systems, and the GPoA can be naturally explained by satellites being… 

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