Co-morbidity and utilization of medical services by pain patients receiving opioid medications: data from an insurance claims database.

@article{Cicero2009ComorbidityAU,
  title={Co-morbidity and utilization of medical services by pain patients receiving opioid medications: data from an insurance claims database.},
  author={Theodore J. Cicero and Gordon X Wong and Yuhong Tian and Michael J Lynskey and Alexandre B Todorov and Keith Isenberg},
  journal={Pain},
  year={2009},
  volume={144 1-2},
  pages={20-7}
}
We used a large medical insurance claims database to identify three groups: chronic opioid use (>180 therapeutic days, N=3726); acute opioid use (<10 therapeutic days, N=37,108); and a non-opioid group (N=337,366) who filed at least one insurance claim but none for opioids. Our results showed that although chronic opioid users represented only 0.65% of the total population, they filed 4.56% of all insurance claims, used 45% of all opioid analgesics and had much more physical and psychiatric co… CONTINUE READING
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