Co-metabolic oxidation of pharmaceutical compounds by a nitrifying bacterial enrichment.

Abstract

The biotransformation of five selected pharmaceuticals ibuprofen (IBP), ketoprofen (KTP), carbamazepine (CBZ), dexamethasone (DXM) and iopromide (IOP) by a stable nitrifying enrichment culture was investigated at concentrations ranging between 25 μg/L and 2mg/L. Complete biotransformation was observed only for IBP and KTP, although, an inverse correlation… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.003

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