Co-exposure to lead increases the renal response to low levels of cadmium in metallurgy workers.

@article{Hambach2013CoexposureTL,
  title={Co-exposure to lead increases the renal response to low levels of cadmium in metallurgy workers.},
  author={Ramona Hambach and Dominique Lison and Patrick S C D'Haese and Joost Weyler and Emmy De Graef and Antoon de Schryver and Ludwig V. Lamberts and Marc van Sprundel},
  journal={Toxicology letters},
  year={2013},
  volume={222 2},
  pages={
          233-8
        }
}
PURPOSE Research on the effect of co-exposure to Cd and Pb on the kidney is scarce. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of co-exposure to these metals on biomarkers of early renal effect. METHODS Cd in blood (Cd-B), Cd in urine (Cd-U), Pb in blood (Pb-B) and urinary renal biomarkers, i.e., microalbumin (μ-Alb), beta-2-microglobulin (β₂-MG), retinol binding protein (RBP), N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) were measured in 122… CONTINUE READING
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